pp 1–12 | Cite as

Fabrication of environmentally-benign flame retardant cotton fabrics with hydrophobicity by a facile chemical modification

  • Shibin NieEmail author
  • Die Jin
  • Ji-nian YangEmail author
  • Guanglong Dai
  • Yan Luo
Original Research


Environmentally-benign flame retardant cotton fabrics with hydrophobicity were fabricated using the bio-based flame retardant of phytic acid and n-Dodecyltrimethoxysilane successively, and then morphological structures, combustion behavior, thermal stability as well as hydrophobicity of cotton fabrics were investigated carefully. It is found that the prepared cotton fabric shows excellent flame retardant property during the combustion and can be extinguished immediately after ignition source is removed. The limited oxygen index of 27.4% can be reached, showing an improvement of 47.3% compared with that of virginal one. Furthermore, the cotton fabric ameliorates the color change problem. The contact angle of the cotton fabric is increased significantly up to 144.41°, and shows the excellent hydrophobicity to water, tea, milk, juice, coffee and cola. This study provided a facile approach to prepare environmentally-benign cotton fabrics with significant improved flame retardancy and excellent self-cleaning to various liquids.

Graphical abstract


Cotton fabrics Flame retardancy Hydrophobicity Thermal property 



The authors gratefully acknowledge Anhui Provincial Natural Science Foundation (1908085J20), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51775001 and 51474009) and Leading Talents Project in Colleges and Universities of Anhui Province.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

Video S1

Video of F4 in vertical flame test (MP4 30755 kb)

Video S2

Video of various liquid droplets rolling freely on F4 (MP4 10194 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Energy Resources and SafetyAnhui University of Science and TechnologyHuainanChina
  2. 2.School of Materials Science and EngineeringAnhui University of Science and TechnologyHuainanChina

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