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Fabrication of stable copper nanoparticles embedded in nanocellulose film as a bionanocomposite plasmonic sensor and thereof for optical sensing of cyanide ion in water samples

  • Mehran Pouzesh
  • Shahram NekoueiEmail author
  • Mohammad Ali Ferdosi Zadeh
  • Farzaneh Keshtpour
  • Shaobin Wang
  • Farzin NekoueiEmail author
Original Research
  • 29 Downloads

Abstract

Herein, an optical plasmonic chemosensor was fabricated via in situ embedding of stable copper nanoparticles (Cu NPs) within flexible nanocellulose film (ECNPs-NC film) utilized for optical sensing of cyanide (CN). Glycerol, as a plasticizer, was added to the nanocellulose suspension to improve ductility of nanocellulose-based film. In addition, to enhance the stability of Cu NPs against oxidizing and corrosion, the fabricated ECNPs-NC film was immersed and coated by benzotriazole solution. The Cu NPs were stable for 4 months. The fabricated ECNPs-NC film was characterized by various methods such as field emission scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopic, dynamic light scattering, thermo-gravimetric analysis, and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. Analytical parameters influencing the efficiency of ECNPs-NC film fabrication were investigated and optimum conditions were stablished. The fabricated ECNPs-NC film was applied as a novel optical sensor for CN detection in water samples. By changing in CN concentration, surface plasmon resonance absorption intensity was changed and it was linear in the range of 0.25–0.40 µg mL−1 with a detection limit of 0.015 µg mL−1.

Keywords

Nanocellulose film Optical sensor Copper nanoparticles Cyanide Chemosensor Bionanocomposite 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The financial support from Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran, is gratefully acknowledged.

Supplementary material

10570_2019_2405_MOESM1_ESM.docx (956 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 956 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Social Determinants of Health Research CenterYasuj University of Medical SciencesYasujIran
  2. 2.Young Researchers and Elites Club, Central Tehran BranchIslamic Azad UniversityTehranIran
  3. 3.Department of Chemical EngineeringCurtin UniversityPerthAustralia

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