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Cellulose

, Volume 26, Issue 6, pp 4213–4223 | Cite as

Phosphorus-nitrogen-silicon-based assembly multilayer coating for the preparation of flame retardant and antimicrobial cotton fabric

  • Shanshan Li
  • Xinghuan Lin
  • Ying Liu
  • Rong Li
  • Xuehong RenEmail author
  • Tung-Shi Huang
Original Research
  • 75 Downloads

Abstract

A novel silicon- and nitrogen-containing compound, poly[3-(5,5-cyanuricacidpropyl)-siloxane-co-trimethyl ammoniumpropyl siloxane chloride] (PCQS) was synthesized and coated onto cotton fabrics with phytic acid (PA) by layer-by-layer assembly. The treated cotton fabrics were characterized by SEM, FT-IR and EDX. The thermal property, mechanical property, flame retardancy and antibacterial property of the coated cotton fabrics were investigated. The breaking strength of the coated cotton fabrics had a small decline. With the flame retardant effect of PCQS and PA, the coated cotton fabrics obtained excellent flame retardancy with LOI value of 29.8% and char length of 8.1 cm. Furthermore, the LOI value and char length of Cotton-PEI/(PCQS/PA)30-Cl separately reached 28.5% and 7.9 cm and Cotton-PEI/(PCQS/PA)30-Cl also showed high thermal stability with char yield of 34% at 600 °C, whereas pure cotton fabrics only obtained 8% char yield. The Cotton-PEI/(PCQS/PA)30-Cl exhibited effective antimicrobial activity against E. coli O157:H7 and S. aureus with 100% bacterial reduction at 106 CFU per square inch inoculated level within 1 min of contact time, respectively.

Graphical abstract

Keywords

Phosphorus-nitrogen-silicon-based coating Layer-by-layer assembly Flame retardant Antimicrobial 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (JUSRP51722B), the Project of Jiangsu Science and Technological Innovation Team, national first-class discipline program of Light Industry Technology and Engineering (LITE2018-2), and 111 Projects (B17021).

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Eco-textiles of Ministry of Education, College of Textiles and ClothingJiangnan UniversityWuxiChina
  2. 2.Department of Poultry ScienceAuburn UniversityAuburnUSA

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