, Volume 26, Issue 6, pp 4205–4212 | Cite as

UV protection from cotton fabrics finished with boron and nitrogen co-doped carbon dots

  • Danying Zuo
  • Na Liang
  • Jing Xu
  • Dongzhi Chen
  • Hongwei ZhangEmail author
Original Research


Ultraviolet (UV)-protective cotton fabrics are necessary for outdoor cotton clothing. In this study, boron and nitrogen co-doped carbon dots (BN-CD) are synthesized by one-pot hydrothermal carbonization, and consequently served as UV-absorber for cotton textiles. Fourier transform infrared, transmission electron microscope, scanning electron microscope and UV–Vis spectroscopy are used to characterize the structure and properties of BN-CDs and cotton fabrics finished by BN-CDs. The UV protection property and laundering durability of treated cotton fabrics are also measured. The results show that as-prepared BN-CD has high fluorescence and down-conversion fluorescence emission. The cotton fabric finished by the BN-CD and poly(vinyl alcohol) exhibits a UV transmittance of less than 4% in the range of 280–400 nm, a UV protection factor value of up to 38.6 and good laundering durability, indicating a promising potential of BN-CD as UV absorbers for finishing cotton fabrics.

Graphical abstract


Carbon dot Cotton fabric UV-protection UPF value 



This work was supported by Hubei Provincial Natural Science Foundation of China (2018CFB267).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Danying Zuo
    • 1
    • 2
  • Na Liang
    • 1
  • Jing Xu
    • 1
  • Dongzhi Chen
    • 1
  • Hongwei Zhang
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.College of Materials Science and EngineeringWuhan Textile UniversityWuhanPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Hubei Engineering Research Center for Industrial Detonator Intelligent AssemblyWuhan Textile UniversityWuhanPeople’s Republic of China

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