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Cellulose

, Volume 26, Issue 6, pp 3987–4004 | Cite as

Synthesis, microstructure transformations, and long-distance inductive effect of poly(acrylethyltrimethylammonium chloride) cotton with super-high adsorption ability for purifying dyeing wastewater

  • Chunli Song
  • Hongyan Li
  • Yikai YuEmail author
Original Research
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Abstract

A new poly(acrylethyltrimethylammonium chloride) cotton with flexible long-chain cations was prepared by surface polymerization of acrylethyltrimethylammonium chloride and grafting cotton with unsaturated bonds at 50 °C for 1.5 h. A series of microstructure transformations of poly(acrylethyltrimethylammonium chloride) cotton adsorption were first observed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction technologies. It was discovered that a long-distance flexible inductive effect occurred during poly(acrylethyltrimethylammonium chloride) cotton adsorption, causing a highly efficient purification ability for treating dyeing wastewater. The adsorption capacity of poly(acrylethyltrimethylammonium chloride) cotton was 292.18 and 2702.70 times higher than that of the widely used activated carbon and common natural cotton, respectively. In addition, poly(acrylethyltrimethylammonium chloride) cotton achieved the relatively good recyclability with a desorption technology and it was the first realization of self-purification of the desorption waste solution in a recycling application to avoid secondary pollution.

Graphical abstract

Keywords

Super-high adsorption capacity Cotton adsorbent Microstructure transformation Long-distance induction Flexible induction Dyeing wastewater Self-purification 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was financially supported by the National Nature Science Foundation of China (Project No. 21866016).

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringJiangxi Normal UniversityNanchangChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Chemical Biology of Jiangxi ProvinceNanchangChina

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