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Cellulose

, Volume 26, Issue 6, pp 4005–4019 | Cite as

Enhanced heavy metal adsorption ability of lignocellulosic hydrogel adsorbents by the structural support effect of lignin

  • Xiaoping Shen
  • Yanjun XieEmail author
  • Qingwen WangEmail author
  • Xin Yi
  • Julia L. Shamshina
  • Robin D. Rogers
Original Research
  • 154 Downloads

Abstract

Cellulose beads possess some adsorption capacities for heavy metal ions, but the effect of lignin remaining in the beads on the adsorption behavior is not clear yet. In this study, lignocellulosic and cellulosic hydrogel beads were prepared by ionic liquid (IL) dissolution and reconstitution in water and further functionalization through magnetization and carboxymethylation. Compared to pure cellulosic beads made from Kraft pulp and microcrystalline cellulose, the presence of lignin in the lignocellulosic beads from IL-extracted cellulose-rich material (CRM) helped support the porous structure, leading to a higher hydroxyl number and porosity, and thus higher efficacy in magnetization and carboxymethylation. CRM beads, therefore, exhibited greater Cu2+ and Pb2+ uptake than the cellulosic beads both before and after modification. However, excessive lignin in the beads prepared directly from poplar wood powder caused negative effects on the adsorption capacity due to agglomeration and occlusion of the adsorptive sites.

Graphical abstract

Keywords

Lignocellulosic hydrogel beads Structural support Hydroxyl number Heavy metal adsorption 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Yanjun Xie thanks the financial support from the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2017YFD0600204).

Supplementary material

10570_2019_2328_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (794 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 794 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Bio-based Material Science and Technology (Ministry of Education), College of Material Science and EngineeringNortheast Forestry UniversityHarbinChina
  2. 2.School of EngineeringZhejiang A & F UniversityLin’anChina
  3. 3.College of Materials and EnergySouth China Agricultural UniversityGuangzhouChina
  4. 4.Mari Signum Mid-Atlantic, LLCRockvilleUSA
  5. 5.525 Solutions, Inc.TuscaloosaUSA

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