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Cellulose

, Volume 26, Issue 5, pp 3031–3045 | Cite as

Preparation and characterization of physicochemical properties and application of novel ternary deep eutectic solvents

  • Michal JablonskyEmail author
  • Veronika Majova
  • Katarina Ondrigova
  • Jozef Sima
Original Research

Abstract

In this work preparation of 23 new three-component DESs is described. Based on their stability 15 of them were finally selected and subjected to further investigation. DESs are eco-friendly solvents and due to their involving in treatment of lignocellulosic materials, some properties related to this topic were determined in detail, among them density, electrical conductivity and viscosity. The potential of the selected 15 DESs in delignification of unbleached pulp was examined. It was manifested that the addition of a third component to classical two-component DESs allow to purposefully control density and viscosity of the ternary DESs and thus upgrade pulp delignification efficiency. The addition of an alcohol leads to a decrease of both DES density and viscosity. Contrary, the addition of an organic acid causes their increase. Moreover, DES properties can be purposefully governed via changing the structure and complexity of the chain of a given acid.

Keywords

Ternary deep eutectic solvents Physicochemical properties Density Viscosity Cellulose Delignification 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the Slovak Research and Development Agency under the contracts No. APVV-15-0052, APVV-0393-14, APVV-16-0088 and VEGA Grants 1/0543/15 and 1/0403/19. The authors would like to thank the STU Grant scheme for the Support of Young Researchers under contract Nos. 1696 and 1697 for financial assistance.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interests.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michal Jablonsky
    • 1
    Email author
  • Veronika Majova
    • 1
  • Katarina Ondrigova
    • 1
  • Jozef Sima
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Natural and Synthetic Polymers, Department of Wood, Pulp and Paper, Faculty of Chemical and Food TechnologySlovak University of Technology in BratislavaBratislavaSlovak Republic
  2. 2.Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Technology and Materials, Department of Inorganic Chemistry, Faculty of Chemical and Food TechnologySlovak University of Technology in BratislavaBratislavaSlovak Republic

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