, Volume 26, Issue 4, pp 2833–2847 | Cite as

A facile approach for coating Ti3C2Tx on cotton fabric for electromagnetic wave shielding

  • Liang Geng
  • Puxin Zhu
  • Yujun Wei
  • Ronghui GuoEmail author
  • Cheng Xiang
  • Ce Cui
  • Ying Li
Original Research


Electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding fabric is widely used to deal with radiation pollution. However, the traditional EMI shielding fabrics are limited by their reflection-dominated shielding mechanism, large loading and poor shielding performance. Herein, Ti3C2Tx coated cotton fabrics with low Ti3C2Tx loading (1.5–2.6 mg/cm2) were prepared through a facile vacuum filtration process. Ti3C2Tx coated cotton fabric exhibits excellent electrical conductivity (up to 1570 S/cm), EMI SE (up to 48.9 dB) and superior shielding efficiency (up to 2969 dB cm2/g) with a low Ti3C2Tx loading (2.6 mg/cm2) in the frequency of 2–18 GHz. Especially, Ti3C2Tx coated cotton fabric shows high ratio of absorption shielding efficiency (SEA)/reflection shielding efficiency (SER) (> 9) in the frequency of 2–13.5 GHz, indicating that the dominant shielding mechanism of Ti3C2Tx coated cotton fabrics is microwave absorption of EM radiation. Additionally, the Ti3C2Tx coated cotton fabric exhibits a high tensile strength (up to 70 N) and fracture elongation (up to 18.3%). The result suggests that the Ti3C2Tx coated cotton fabric is a superior absorption-dominated EMI shielding material. The Ti3C2Tx coated cotton fabric with low loading, robust, and highly conductive properties can be regarded as an alternative electromagnetic wave absorbing material.

Graphical abstract


Ti3C2Tx Cotton fabric Electromagnetic interference shielding Absorption dominated 



This work was financially supported by The National Natural Science Foundation of China and The Civil Aviation Administration of China (No. U1833118).

Supplementary material

10570_2019_2284_MOESM1_ESM.doc (4 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 4072 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Liang Geng
    • 1
    • 2
  • Puxin Zhu
    • 1
  • Yujun Wei
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ronghui Guo
    • 1
    Email author
  • Cheng Xiang
    • 1
  • Ce Cui
    • 1
  • Ying Li
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.College of Light Industry, Textile and Food EngineeringSichuan UniversityChengduChina
  2. 2.School of Textile EngineeringChengdu Textile CollegeChengduChina

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