, Volume 26, Issue 5, pp 3143–3153 | Cite as

Cellulose nanosheets formed by mild additive-free ball milling

  • Yunxiu Zhang
  • Shigenori Kuga
  • Min WuEmail author
  • Yong HuangEmail author
Original Research


Cellulose nanosheets similar to those obtained by milling with silicone oil (Zhao et al. in Cellulose 23:2809–2818, 2016) were obtained by mild additive-free milling followed by dispersion in ethanol. Typical nanosheets were of 4 nm thickness, possibly formed by monolayer association of elementary fibrils. The thickness decreased with prolonged milling to 2 nm or less, and the thinnest sheets observed were about 0.4 nm, corresponding to monomolecular layer of cellulose. Further milling caused disappearance of nanosheets due to complete decrystallization. This observation indicates that nanosheet formation is an intermediate stage of decrystallization of cellulose.

Graphical abstract


Cellulose nanosheets Mild ball milling Elementary fibril Monomolecular sheet 



This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51733009) and Chinese Academy of Sciences Visiting Professorships.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Technical Institute of Physics and ChemistryChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingPeople’s Republic of China

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