, Volume 26, Issue 5, pp 3271–3284 | Cite as

Facile preparation of reactive hydrophobic cellulose nanofibril film for reducing water vapor permeability (WVP) in packaging applications

  • Wei Li
  • Shuangfei Wang
  • Wei Wang
  • Chengrong Qin
  • Min WuEmail author
Original Research


Due to energy crisis and environmental pollution, biopolymer-based packaging materials have been extensively investigated. Cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs), due to their good oxygen barrier performance and excellent mechanical as well as film-forming properties, have emerged as interesting packaging materials. However, the problem of the resulting films is the highly hygroscopic character of the cellulose fibers themselves, which would further lead to a decrease of the films’ mechanical and barrier properties. Herein, a facile preparation of hydrophobic CNF films was carried out by the attachment of 10-undecylenoyl chloride onto CNFs followed by vacuum filtration. The modified CNFs became thicker and rougher compared with the pristine CNFs and were easy to disperse in ethanol. The resulting CNF film showed a higher surface roughness and a tensile strength of (47 ± 4) MPa. Additionally, the modified CNF film was hydrophobic, leading to an obvious barrier improvement with the WVP value decreasing by 62.4% in comparison to the pristine CNF film. Since this hydrophobic CNF film is easy to prepare with a good vapor barrier property, it should be promising for packaging applications. Furthermore, the generated CNF film demonstrated good reactivity with thiol groups, which can be applied for further functionalization to enrich their application fields.

Graphical abstract


Cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) Acylation Hydrophobicity Dispersion properties Water vapor permeability (WVP) 



This work was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Guangxi (2018GXNSFBA138027), Scientific Research Foundation of Guangxi University (XGZ170232), the State Key Laboratory of Pulp and Paper Engineering (201806), the Foundation of Key Laboratory of Pulp and Paper Science and Technology of Ministry of Education/Shandong Province of China (KF201716) and the Middle-young Age Ability Enhancement Program of Guangxi (2018KY0023).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wei Li
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Shuangfei Wang
    • 1
    • 3
  • Wei Wang
    • 1
    • 3
  • Chengrong Qin
    • 1
    • 3
  • Min Wu
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.College of Light Industry and Food EngineeringGuangxi UniversityNanningChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Pulp and Paper EngineeringSouth China University of TechnologyGuangzhouChina
  3. 3.Guangxi Key Laboratory of Clean Pulp and Papermaking and Pollution ControlNanningChina

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