, Volume 26, Issue 4, pp 2573–2585 | Cite as

Preparation of LDH-modified cotton fabric based carbon aerogel as a highly efficient adsorbent for tellurium recovery

  • Yu LiuEmail author
  • Qianqian Xiong
  • Hongwei Song
  • Yinxian PengEmail author
  • Lei Liu
  • Chengwei Jiang
Original Research


As a rare element with special properties, tellurium (Te) is an important resource that has been widely used in many fields. In this paper, a novel renewable cotton fabric based Zn–Al layered double hydroxide (LDH) functionalized carbon aerogel (ZALCA) was successfully prepared by a facile freeze-drying, carbonization and in situ growth method, which can be used for tellurium adsorption. The scanning electron microscopy results showed that the flowerlike LDH nano-sheets are growing evenly on the surface of carbon aerogel and each LDH nano-sheet has a similar shape and size. The nitrogen sorption analysis confirmed that mesoporous ZALCA has the pores centered at about 3–5 nm and Brunauer–Emmett–Teller surface area of 186.38 m2/g. Adsorption experiment results show that the ZALCA has excellent adsorption properties for tellurium ions in tellurium-containing solutions, and the maximum adsorption capacity is 132 mg/g. After recycling 10 times, the ZALCA still displayed high tellurium absorption property implies that the ZALCA has outstanding reusability performance. Therefore, the preparation of ZALCA as a tellurium adsorbent from low-cost cotton has great application potential in the recovery of tellurium.

Graphical abstract


Cotton Zn–Al LDH Carbon aerogel Tellurium adsorption Reusability 



We thank the social development of Zhenjiang (SH2018011) for financial support.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Environmental and Chemical EngineeringJiangsu University of Science and TechnologyZhenjiangChina

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