, Volume 26, Issue 3, pp 1631–1640 | Cite as

Fabrication and characterisation of viscose fibre with photoinduced heat-generating properties

  • Changlei Li
  • Linfeng Li
  • Jingchuan Li
  • Xi Wu
  • Lu QiEmail author
  • Wenbin LiEmail author
Original Research


In the field of functional textile research, heat-generating fibres to maintain body temperature without unsustainable energy input are of interest. Here, we propose a photoinduced heat-generating viscose fibre fabricated by adding zirconium carbide (ZrC) to the viscose solution. Viscose nonwoven fabrics comprising ZrC-doped viscose fibres were irradiated by infrared (IR) light to measure their surface temperatures, thereby determining their light-to-heat conversion effects. The results show that the surface temperature of the viscose fabric doped with 4% ZrC was increased by almost 40 °C, as verified by ultraviolet–visible–near-IR (NIR) spectroscopy, indicating that the ZrC-doped viscose fibre was significantly increased in photon absorption in the visible-light and NIR regions. The cross-sectional morphology of the viscose fibre was observed using a scanning electron microscope. In addition, thermogravimetric analysis was used to determine the thermal decomposition behaviour of the doped viscose fibres. Moreover, it is noticed that the ZrC-doped viscose fibre has lower moisture regain, potentially increasing the wet strength of the viscose fibre.

Graphical Abstract


Viscose fibre Zirconium carbide Photoinduced heat-generation Light absorption 



This research was financially supported by the National Key R&D Program of China (Grant No. 2017YFB0309100).

Author Contributions

The manuscript was written through contributions of all authors. All authors have given approval to the final version of the manuscript.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no competing financial interests.


  1. Amarjargal A, Tijing LD, Park CH et al (2013) Controlled assembly of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles on electrospun PU nanofibrous membrane: a novel heat-generating substrate for magnetic hyperthermia application. Eur Polym J 49:3796–3805. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Baffou G, Girard C, Quidant R (2010) Mapping heat origin in plasmonic structures. Phys Rev Lett 104:136805. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bahng GW, Lee JD (2014) Development of heat-generating polyester fiber harnessing catalytic ceramic powder combined with heat-generating super microorganisms. Text Res J 84:1220–1230. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chen H, Shao L, Ming T et al (2010) Understanding the photothermal conversion efficiency of gold nanocrystals. Small 6:2272–2280. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. El-Sayed IH, Huang X, El-Sayed MA (2006) Selective laser photo-thermal therapy of epithelial carcinoma using anti-EGFR antibody conjugated gold nanoparticles. Cancer Lett 239:129–135. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Fonseca GF (1975) Sectional dry-heat-transfer properties of clothing in wind. Text Res J 45:30–34. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Furuta T, Shimizu Y, Kondo Y (1996) Evaluating the temperature and humidity characteristics of a solar energy absorbing and retaining fabric. Text Res J 66:123–130. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Govorov AO, Zhang W, Skeini T et al (2006) Gold nanoparticle ensembles as heaters and actuators: melting and collective plasmon resonances. Nanoscale Res Lett 1:84–90. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Haba Y, Kojima C, Harada A et al (2007) Preparation of poly (ethylene glycol)- modified poly (amido amine) dendrimers encapsulating gold nanoparticles and their heat-generating ability. Langmuir 23:5243–5246. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hakansson E, Kaynak A, Lin T et al (2004) Characterization of conducting polymer coated synthetic fabrics for heat generation. Synth Met 144:21–28. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Han JQ, Zhou CJ, French AD et al (2013a) Characterization of cellulose II nanoparticles regenerated from 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride. Carbohyd Polym 94:773–781. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Han JQ, Zhou CJ, Wu YQ et al (2013b) Self-assembling behavior of cellulose nanoparticles during freeze-drying: effect of suspension concentration, particle size, crystal structure, and surface charge. Biomacromol 14:1529–1540. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hawes DW, Feldman D (1992) Absorption of phase change materials in concrete. Sol Energ Mat Sol C 27:91–101. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Holzer AM, Athar M, Elmets CA (2010) The other end of the rainbow: infrared and skin. J Invest Dermatol 130:1496–1499. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kaynak A, Håkansson E (2005) Generating heat from conducting polypyrrole-coated PET fabrics. Adv Polym Tech 24:194–207. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Lee JY, Dong WP, Lim JO (2003) Polypyrrole-coated woven fabric as a flexible surface-heating element. Macromol Res 11:481–487. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Li Q, Dong S, He P et al (2012) Mechanical properties and microstructures of 2D Cf/ZrC–SiC composites using ZrC precursor and polycarbosilane. Ceram Int 38:6041–6045. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Li Q, Dong S, Wang Z et al (2013) Fabrication and properties of 3-D Cf/ZrB2–ZrC–SiC composites via polymer infiltration and pyrolysis. Ceram Int 39:5937–5941. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Li G, Hong G, Dong D et al. (2018) Multiresponsive graphene-aerogel-directed phase-change smart fibers. Adv Mater.
  20. Markovic ZM, Harhaji-Trajkovic LM, Todorovic-Markovic BM et al (2011) In vitro comparison of the photothermal anticancer activity of graphene nanoparticles and carbon nanotubes. Biomaterials 32:1121–1129. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Mathew S, Murakami T, Nakatsuji H et al (2013) Exclusive photothermal heat generation by a gadolinium bis(naphthalocyanine) complex and inclusion into modified high density lipoprotein nanocarriers for therapeutic applications. ACS Nano 7:8908–8916. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Pissuwan D, Valenzuela SM, Cortie MB (2006) Therapeutic possibilities of plasmonically heated gold nanoparticles. Trends Biotechnol 24:62–67. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Richardson HH, Hickman ZN, Govorov AO et al (2006) Thermooptical properties of gold nanoparticles embedded in ice: characterization of heat generation and melting. Nano Lett 6:783–788. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Schneider AM, Hoschke BN, Goldsmid HJ (1992) Heat transfer through moist fabrics. Text Res J 62:61–66. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Schossig P, Henning HM, Gschwander S et al (2005) Micro-encapsulated phase-change materials integrated into construction materials. Sol Energ Mat Sol C 89:297–306. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Shen G, Chen D, Liu Y et al (2004) Synthesis of ZrC hollow nanospheres at low temperature. J Cryst Growth 262:277–280. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Song MS, Huang B, Zhang MX et al (2008) Formation and growth mechanism of ZrC hexagonal platelets synthesized by self-propagating reaction. J Cryst Growth 310:4290–4294. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Wang Y, Tang B, Zhang S (2013) Single-walled carbon nanotube/phase change material composites: sunlight-driven, reversible, form-stable phase transitions for solar thermal energy storage. Adv Funct Mater 23:4354–4360. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Woodcock AH (1962) Moisture transfer in textile systems, Part I. Text Res J 32:628–633. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Wuttig M, Yamada N (2007) Phase-change materials for rewriteable data storage. Nat Mater 6:824–832. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Ye L, Ge K, Qiu W et al (2015) Fabrication and characterization of SiC/ZrC/C ultra-thin composite fibers. Mater Lett 141:210–213. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Yue Y, Han J, Han G et al (2015) Characterization of cellulose I/II hybrid fibers isolated from energycane bagasse during the delignification process: morphology, crystallinity and percentage estimation. Carbohyd Polym 133:438–447. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Zeng N, Murphy AB (2009) Heat generation by optically and thermally interacting aggregates of gold nanoparticles under illumination. Nanotechnology 20:375702. CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Material Science and Engineering and Research Institute of Biologic and Spinning MaterialsTianjin Polytechnic UniversityTianjinChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of New Textile Materials and Advanced Processing TechnologiesWuhan Textile UniversityWuhanChina
  3. 3.Anta (China) Company LimitedQuanzhouChina

Personalised recommendations