Fabrication and characterisation of viscose fibre with photoinduced heat-generating properties
In the field of functional textile research, heat-generating fibres to maintain body temperature without unsustainable energy input are of interest. Here, we propose a photoinduced heat-generating viscose fibre fabricated by adding zirconium carbide (ZrC) to the viscose solution. Viscose nonwoven fabrics comprising ZrC-doped viscose fibres were irradiated by infrared (IR) light to measure their surface temperatures, thereby determining their light-to-heat conversion effects. The results show that the surface temperature of the viscose fabric doped with 4% ZrC was increased by almost 40 °C, as verified by ultraviolet–visible–near-IR (NIR) spectroscopy, indicating that the ZrC-doped viscose fibre was significantly increased in photon absorption in the visible-light and NIR regions. The cross-sectional morphology of the viscose fibre was observed using a scanning electron microscope. In addition, thermogravimetric analysis was used to determine the thermal decomposition behaviour of the doped viscose fibres. Moreover, it is noticed that the ZrC-doped viscose fibre has lower moisture regain, potentially increasing the wet strength of the viscose fibre.
KeywordsViscose fibre Zirconium carbide Photoinduced heat-generation Light absorption
This research was financially supported by the National Key R&D Program of China (Grant No. 2017YFB0309100).
The manuscript was written through contributions of all authors. All authors have given approval to the final version of the manuscript.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare no competing financial interests.
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