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Cellulose

, Volume 25, Issue 12, pp 6963–6975 | Cite as

Cationic cellulose nanofibrils as a green support of palladium nanoparticles: catalyst evaluation in Suzuki reactions

  • Zayneb Jebali
  • Albert Granados
  • Abdelkader Nabili
  • Sami Boufi
  • Ana Maria B. do Rego
  • Hatem Majdoub
  • Adelina Vallribera
Original Paper
  • 70 Downloads

Abstract

Cationic cellulose nanofibrils (C-CNF) were used as a support for the growth and the immobilization of Pd NPs using PdCl2 as precursor. The ensuing Pd@C-CNF nanocomposite was tested as a catalyst for the Suzuki coupling reactions between aryl halides and arylboronic acid. Several characterization methods including TEM, HR-TEM, XRD, FT-IR, TGA and XPS were used to confirm the immobilization of Pd NPs onto the C-CNF surface and probe the surface composition after interaction with PdCl2. A quasi total coupling of phenyl boronic acid and 4-bromoacetophenone in DMF at 110 °C was found to occur after 4 h when only 0.02% of Pd@C-CNF of catalyst was used. Furthermore, the Pd@C-CNF could be easily recovered and reused for three consecutive Suzuki reaction cycles without significant loss of its catalytic activity and the loaded percent of palladium nanoparticles was maintained.

Graphical Abstract

Keywords

Cationic nanofibrils Nanocellulose, palladium Heterogeneous catalyst Suzuki reaction 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank the financial support from Spain’s MICINN (CTQ2014-53662-P) and MEC (CTQ2016-81797-REDC) and DURSI-Generalitat de Catalunya (2017SGR465) and, also, to NATO for financial support with project CATALTEX (SfP 984842) and Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT), Portugal, for support with Project UID/NAN/50024/2013.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Sciences of Monastir, Laboratory of Interfaces and Advanced MaterialsUniversity of MonastirMonastirTunisia
  2. 2.Faculty of Sciences of GabesUniversity of GabesGabesTunisia
  3. 3.Department of Chemistry and Centro de Innovación en Química (ORFEO-CINQA)Universitat Autònoma de BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain
  4. 4.Faculty of Science-LMSEUniversity of SfaxSfaxTunisia
  5. 5.CQFM-Centro de Química-Física Molecular and IN-Institute for Nanosciences and Nanotechnologies, IBB-Institute for Bioengineering and Biosciences, Instituto Superior TécnicoUniversidade de LisboaLisbonPortugal

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