Advertisement

Cellulose

, Volume 25, Issue 12, pp 7091–7112 | Cite as

Cellulose nanofibrils as a replacement for xanthan gum (XGD) in water based muds (WBMs) to be used in shale formations

  • Yurany Villada
  • María Celeste Iglesias
  • Natalia Casis
  • Eleonora Erdmann
  • María Soledad Peresin
  • Diana Estenoz
Original Paper
  • 44 Downloads

Abstract

In this work, the potential replacement of xanthan gum (XGD) by cellulose nanofibrils in the composition of water based muds (WBMs) was studied. Bleached (B-CNF) and unbleached (L-CNF) cellulose nanofibrils, mainly differentiated by their lignin content, were tested and their performances were compared with that of XGD. The effects of cellulose nanofibrils on the rheological and filtration properties of WBMs were investigated. Rheometric analysis showed a shear-thinning behavior more noticeable for fluids containing B-CNF and XGD, while filtration properties were improved using L-CNF. The Sisko model was used to determine rheological parameters. Finally, it was found that by replacing XGD by double concentration of L-CNF in a WBM for Argentina shale, similar rheological properties were obtained. Structural changes were assessed by using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). Particles agglomeration and good film formability were observed. Furthermore, WBMs with lignin-containing cellulose nanofibrils exhibited a better thermal stability after aging.

Graphical abstract

Keywords

Lignin Cellulose nanofibrils Water based drilling fluid Xanthan gum Argentina shale 

Abbreviations

A

Cross section area in Eq. (1)

BT

Bentonite

B-CNF

Fully-bleached cellulose nanofibrils

CNF

Cellulose nanofibrils

L-CNF

Lignin-containing cellulose nanofibrils

OBMs

Oil based muds

PAC

Polyanionic cellulose

S-BCNF

Systems of fluids containing BT, B-CNF, PAC and H2O

S-LCNF

Systems of fluids containing BT, L-CNF, PAC and H2O

S-XGD

Systems of fluids containing BT, XGD, PAC and H2O

WBMs

Water based muds

XGD

Xanthan gum

k

Flow consistency coefficient at low shear rate (mPa·s)

Kc

Permeability (mD)

n

Flow behavior index

q

Filtrate rate (cm3/s)

tc

Thickness of filter cake (cm)

\(\dot{\gamma }\)

Shear rate (1/s)

\(\Delta P\)

Pressure difference (6.80 atm)

\(\eta_{\infty }\)

Viscosity at infinite shear rate (mPa·s)

\(\mu\)

Viscosity of the filtrate at 25 °C (1.00 cP)

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors are thankful to Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Instituto Tecnológico de Buenos Aires (ITBA) and Universidad Nacional del Litoral (UNL) for the funding. Raquel Martin Sampedro and Maria Eugenia Eugenio from the National Institute of Agricultural and Food Research and Technology (INIA, Spain) are acknowledged for providing the cellulose pulps. CNF suspensions were produced under Panu Lahtinen from VTT Technical Research Center of Finland Ltd. (Espoo, Finland) is acknowledged for producing the CNF suspensions.

References

  1. Abu-Jdayil B, Ghannam M (2014) The modification of rheological properties of sodium bentonite-water dispersions with low viscosity CMC polymer effect. Energy Sources A 36:1037–1048Google Scholar
  2. Aftab A, Ismail AR, Ibupoto ZH, Akeiber H, Malghani MGK (2017) Nanoparticles based drilling muds a solution to drill elevated temperature wells: a review. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 76:1301–1313Google Scholar
  3. American Petroleum Institute (2003) Recommended practice for field testing of water-based drilling fluids, 3rd ed. American Petroleum Institute, washington, DC, p 82. ANSI/API 13B-1, 1 November 2003Google Scholar
  4. Baker Hughes INTEQ (1999) FLUID facts engineering handbook. Part Number 008902097 Rev. C, DecemberGoogle Scholar
  5. Barry MM, Jung Y, Lee JK, Phuoc TX, Chyu MK (2015) Fluid filtration and rheological properties of nanoparticle additive and intercalated clay hybrid bentonite drilling fluids. J Pet Sci Eng 127:338–346Google Scholar
  6. Benyounes K, Mellak A, Benchabane A (2010) The effect of carboxymethylcellulose and xanthan on the rheology of bentonite suspensions. Energy Sources A 32(17):1634–1643Google Scholar
  7. Bian H, Chen L, Gleisner R, Dai H, Zhu JY (2017) Producing wood-based nanomaterials by rapid fractionation of wood at 80 °C using a recyclable acid hydrotrope. Green Chem 19:3370–3379Google Scholar
  8. Brebu M, Vasile C (2010) Thermal degradation of lignin: a review. Cellulose Chem Technol 44:353–363Google Scholar
  9. Busch A, Myrseth V, Khatibi M, Skjetne P, Hovda S, Johansen ST (2018) Rheological characterization of polyanionic cellulose solutions with application to drilling fluids and cuttings transport modeling. Appl Rheol 28:1–16Google Scholar
  10. Caenn R, Chillingar GV (1996) Drilling fluids: state of the art. J Pet Sci Eng 14:221–230Google Scholar
  11. Capadona JR, Van Den Berg O, Capadona LA, Schroeter M, Rowan SJ, Tyler DJ, Weder C (2007) A versatile approach for the processing of polymer nanocomposites with self-assembled nanofibre templates. Nat Nanotechnol 2:765–769PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Carico RD, Bagshaw FR (1978) Description and use of polymers used in drilling, workovers, and completions. SPE Paper 7747. SPE Production technology symposium, Hobbs, New Mexico, 30–31 OctoberGoogle Scholar
  13. Cheraghian G, Hemmati M, Masihi M, Bazgir S (2013) An experimental investigation of the enhanced oil recovery and improved performance of drilling fluids using titanium dioxide and fumed silica nanoparticles. J Nanostruct Chem 3:78Google Scholar
  14. Darley HCH, Gray GR (1988) Composition and properties of drilling and completion fluids, 6th edn. Gulf Publ Co, HoustonGoogle Scholar
  15. De France KJ, Hoare T, Cranston ED (2017) Review of hydrogels and aerogels containing nanocellulose. Chem Mater 29:4609–4631Google Scholar
  16. Diop CIK, Tajvidi M, Bilodeau MA, Bousfield DW, Hunt JF (2017) Isolation of lignocellulose nanofibrils (LCNF) and application as adhesive replacement in wood composites: example of fiberboard. Cellulose 24:3037–3050Google Scholar
  17. Du X, Zhang Z, Liu W, Deng Y (2017) Nanocellulose-based conductive materials and their emerging applications in energy devices-a review. Nano Energy 35:299–320Google Scholar
  18. Ezell RG, Ezzat AM, Horton D (Halliburton), Partain E (The DOW Chemical Company) (2010) State of art Polymers fulfill the need for high temperature clay free drill in and completion fluids. In: AADE Paper AADE-10-DF-HO-01 conference and exhibition, Houston, Texas, 6–7 AprilGoogle Scholar
  19. Fazelabdolabadi B, Khodadadi A, Sedaghatzadeh M (2014) Thermal and rheological properties improvement of drilling fluids using functionalized carbon nanotubes. Appl Nanosci 5:651–659Google Scholar
  20. Fenner RA, Lephardt JO (1981) Examination of the thermal decomposition of Kraft pine lignin by Fourier transform infrared evolved gas analysis. J Agric Food Chem 29:846–849Google Scholar
  21. Ferrer A, Quintana E, Filpponen I, Solala I, Vidal T, Rodríguez A, Laine J, Rojas OJ (2012) Effect of residual lignin and heteropolysaccharides in nanofibrillar cellulose and nanopaper from wood fibers. Cellulose 19:2179–2193Google Scholar
  22. Gao C (2015) Potential of welan gum as mud thickener. J Pet Explor Prod Technol 5:109–112Google Scholar
  23. Hamed SB, Belhadri M (2009) Rheological properties of biopolymers drilling fluids. J Pet Sci Eng 67:84–90Google Scholar
  24. Hebbar RS, Isloor AM, Ismail AF (2014) Preparation and evaluation of heavy metal rejection properties of polyetherimide/porous activated bentonite clay nanocomposite membrane. RSC Adv 4:47240–47248Google Scholar
  25. Herrick F, Casebier R, Hamilton J, Sandberg K (1983) Microfibrillated cellulose: morphology and accessibility. J Appl Polym Sci Appl Polym Symp 37:797–813Google Scholar
  26. Horvath AE, Lindström T, Laine J (2006) On the indirect polyelectrolyte titration of cellulosic fibers. Conditions for charge stoichiometry and comparison with ESCA. Langmuir 22:824–830PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Hu W, Chen S, Liu L, Ding B, Wang H (2011) Formaldehyde sensors based on nanofibrous polyethyleneimine/bacterial cellulose membranes coated quartz crystal microbalance. Sens Actuators B 157:554–559Google Scholar
  28. Hubbe MA, Ferrer A, Tyagi P, Yin Y, Salas C, Pal L, Rojas OJ (2017) Nanocellulose in thin films, coatings, and plies for packaging applications: a review. BioResources 12:2143–2233Google Scholar
  29. Iscan AG, Kok MV (2007) Effects of polymers and CMC concentration on rheological and fluid loss parameters of water-based drilling fluids. Energy Sources A 29:939–949Google Scholar
  30. Ismail A, Aftab A, Ibupoto Z, Zolkifile N (2016) The novel approach for the enhancement of rheological properties of water-based drilling fluids by using multi-walled carbon nanotube, nanosilica and glass beads. J Pet Sci Eng 139:264–275Google Scholar
  31. Jang H, Zhang K, Chon BH, Choi HJ (2015) Enhanced oil recovery performance and viscosity characteristics of polysaccharide xanthan gum solution. J Ind Eng Chem 21:741–745Google Scholar
  32. Jorfi M, Roberts MN, Foster EJ, Weder C (2013) Physiologically responsive, mechanically adaptive bio-nanocomposites for biomedical applications. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 5:1517–1526PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Jung Y, Son Y, Lee J, Phuoc TX, Soong Y, Chyu MK (2011) Rheological behavior of clay a nanoparticle hybrid-added bentonite suspensions: specific role of hybrid additives on the gelation of clay-based fluids. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 3:3515–3522PubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. Kargarzadeh H, Mariano M, Huang J, Lin N, Ahmad I, Dufresne A, Thomas S (2017) Recent developments on nanocellulose reinforced polymer nanocomposites: a review. Polymer 132:368–393Google Scholar
  35. Khodja M, Canselier JP, Cohaut N, Bergaya F (2010a) Drilling fluid technology: performances and environmental considerations. Products and Services from R&D to final solutions Igor Fuerstner, pp 227–256Google Scholar
  36. Khodja M, Canselier JP, Bergaya F, Fourar K, Khodja M, Cohaut N, Benmounah A (2010b) Shale problems and water-based drilling fluid optimisation in the Hassi Messaoud Algerian oil field. Appl Clay Sci 49:383–393Google Scholar
  37. Kim HS, Kim S, Kim HJ, Yang HS (2006) Thermal properties of bio-flour-filled polyolefin composites with different compatibilizing agent type and content. Thermochim Acta 451:181–188Google Scholar
  38. Klemm D, Heublein B, Fink HP, Bohn A (2005) Cellulose: fascinating biopolymer and sustainable raw material. Angew Chem Int Ed 44:3358–3393Google Scholar
  39. Klemm D, Kramer F, Moritz S, Lindström T, Ankerfors M, Gray D, Dorris A (2011) Nanocelluloses: a new family of nature-based materials. Angew Chem Int Ed 50:5438–5466Google Scholar
  40. Kosynkin DV, Ceriotti G, Wilson KC, Lomeda JR, Scorsone JT, Patel AD, Friedheim JE, Tour JM (2011) Graphene oxide as a high-performance fluid-loss-control additive in water-based drilling fluids. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 4:222–227PubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. Lahtinen P, Liukkonen S, Pere J, Sneck A, Kangas H (2014) A comparative study of fibrillated fibers from different mechanical and chemical pulps. BioResources 9:2115–2127Google Scholar
  42. Li M, Wu Q, Song K, Lee S, Jin C, Ren S, Lei T (2015a) Soy protein isolate as fluid loss additive in bentonite water-based drilling fluids. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 7:24799–24809PubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. Li MC, Wu Q, Song K, Lee S, Qing Y, Wu Y (2015b) Cellulose nanoparticles: structure-morphology-rheology relationships. ACS Sustain Chem Eng 3:821–832Google Scholar
  44. Li MC, Wu Q, Song K, De Hoop CF, Lee S, Qing Y, Wu Y (2015c) Cellulose nanocrystals and polyanionic cellulose as additives in bentonite water-based drilling fluids: rheological modeling and filtration mechanisms. Ind Eng Chem Res 55:133–143Google Scholar
  45. Li MC, Wu Q, Song K, Qing Y, Wu Y (2015d) Cellulose nanoparticles as modifiers for rheology and fluid loss in bentonite water-based fluids. ACS Appl Matter Interfaces. 7:5006–5016Google Scholar
  46. Li MC, Wu Q, Song K, French AD, Mei C, Lei T (2018) pH-responsive water-based drilling fluids containing bentonite and chitin nanocrystals. ACS Sustain Chem Eng 6:3783–3795Google Scholar
  47. Liu J, Qiu Z, Huang W (2015) Novel latex particles and aluminum complexes as potential shale stabilizers in water-based drilling fluids. J Pet Sci Eng 135:433–441Google Scholar
  48. Luckham PF, Rossi S (1999) The colloidal and rheological properties of bentonite suspensions. Adv Colloid Interface Sci 82:43–92Google Scholar
  49. Mahfoudhi N, Boufi S (2017) Nanocellulose as a novel nanostructured adsorbent for environmental remediation: a review. Cellulose 24:1171–1197Google Scholar
  50. Mahto V, Sharma VP (2004) Rheological study of a water based oil well drilling fluid. J Pet Sci Eng 45:123–128Google Scholar
  51. Mao H, Qiu Z, Shen Z, Huang W (2015) Hydrophobic associated polymer based silica nanoparticles composite with core-shell structure as a filtrate reducer for drilling fluid at ultra-high temperature. J Pet Sci Eng 129:1–14Google Scholar
  52. Marchetti L, Muzzio B, Cerrutti P, Andrés SC, Califano AN (2017) Bacterial nanocellulose as novel additive in low-lipid low-sodium meat sausages. Effect on quality and stability. Food Struct 14:52–59Google Scholar
  53. Menezes RR, Marques LN, Campos LA, Ferreira HS, Santana LNL, Neves GA (2010) Use of statistical design to study the influence of CMC on the rheological properties of bentonite dispersions for water-based drilling fluids. Appl Clay Sci 49:13–20Google Scholar
  54. Meng X, Zhang Y, Zhou F, Chu PK (2012) Effects of carbon ash on rheological properties of water-based drilling fluids. J Pet Sci Eng 100:1–8Google Scholar
  55. Moon RJ, Martini A, Nairn J, Simonsen J, Youngblood J (2011) Cellulose nanomaterials review: structure, properties and nanocomposites. Chem Soc Rev 40:3941–3994Google Scholar
  56. Morais JPS, de Freitas Rosa M, de sá Moreira SF, Nascimento LD, do Nascimento DM, Cassales AR (2013) Extraction and characterization of nanocellulose structures from raw cotton linter. Carbohydr Polym 91:229–235PubMedGoogle Scholar
  57. Nair SS, Kuo PY, Chen H, Yan N (2017) Investigating the effect of lignin on the mechanical, thermal, and barrier properties of cellulose nanofibril reinforced epoxy composite. Ind Crops Prod 100:208–217Google Scholar
  58. Nakagaito AN, Yano H (2004) The effect of morphological changes from pulp fiber towards nano-scale fibrillated cellulose on the mechanical properties of high-strength plant fiber based composites. Appl Phys A 78:547–552Google Scholar
  59. Nakagaito AN, Iwamoto S, Yano H (2005) Bacterial cellulose: the ultimate nano-scalar cellulose morphology for the production of high-strength composites. Appl Phys A Mater Sci Process 80:93–97Google Scholar
  60. Nasser J, Jesil A, Mohiuddin T, Al Ruqeshi M, Devi G, Mohataram S (2013) Experimental investigation of drilling fluid performance as nanoparticles. World J Nano Sci Eng 3:57–61Google Scholar
  61. Navarrete RC, Seheult JM, Kelco, Oil Field Group a Division of CPKelco, Coffey MD (2001) New bio-polymers for drilling, drill-in, completions, spacer and coiled tubing applications part II. SPE Paper 64982. SPE International symposium on oilfield chemistry held. Houston, Texas, 13–16 FebruaryGoogle Scholar
  62. Navarrete RC, Himes RE, Seheult JM (2000) Applications of xanthan gum in fluid-loss control and related formation damage. SPE Paper 59535, SPE permian basin oil gas recovery conferece. Midland, Texas, 21–23 MarchGoogle Scholar
  63. Ng HM, Sin LT, Bee ST, Tee TT, Rahmat AR (2017) Review of nanocellulose polymer composite characteristics and challenges. Polym Plast Technol Eng 56:687–731Google Scholar
  64. Nimeskern L, Martínez Ávila H, Sundberg J, Gatenholm P, Müller R, Stok KS (2013) Mechanical evaluation of bacterial nanocellulose as an implant material for ear cartilage replacement. J Mech Behav Biomed Mater 22:12–21PubMedGoogle Scholar
  65. Nunes RDCP, Pires RV, Lucas EF, Vianna A, Lomba R (2014) New filtrate loss controller based on poly(methyl methacrylate-co-vinyl acetate). J Appl Polym Sci 131:1–7Google Scholar
  66. Olatunde AO, Usman MA, Olafadehan OA, Adeosun TA, Ufot OE (2012) Improvement of rheological properties of drilling fluids using locally based materials. Pet Coal 54:65–72Google Scholar
  67. Olsson RT, Kraemer R, Lopez-Rubio A, Torres-Giner S, Ocio MJ, Lagaron JM (2010) Extraction of microfibrils from bacterial cellulose networks for electrospinning of anisotropic biohybrid fiber yarns. Macromolecules 43(9):4201–4209Google Scholar
  68. O’sullivan AC (1997) Cellulose: the structure slowly unravels. Cellulose 4(3):173–207Google Scholar
  69. Pääkkö M, Ankerfors M, Kosonen H, Nykänen A, Ahola S, Österberg M, Ruokolainen J, Laine J, Larsson PT, Ikkala O, Lindström T (2007) Enzymatic hydrolysis combined with mechanical shearing and high-pressure homogenization for nanoscale cellulose fibrils and strong gels. Biomacromol 8(6):1934–1941Google Scholar
  70. Panshin AJ, de Zeeuw C (1970) Textbook of Wood Technology. McGraw-Hill, NY, NY, p 705Google Scholar
  71. Picheth GF, Sierakowski MR, Woehl MA, Pirich CL, Schreiner WH, Pontarolo R, De Freitas RA (2014) Characterisation of ultra-thin films of oxidised bacterial cellulose for enhanced anchoring and build-up of polyelectrolyte multilayers. Colloid Polym Sci 292:97–105Google Scholar
  72. Pirich CL, de Freitas RA, Woehl MA, Picheth GF, Petri DFS, Sierakowski MR (2015) Bacterial cellulose nanocrystals: impact of the sulfate content on the interaction with xyloglucan. Cellulose 22:1773–1787Google Scholar
  73. Postek MT, Vladar A, Dagata J, Farkas N, Ming B, Wagner R, Raman A, Moon RJ, Sabo R, Wegner TH, Beecher J (2011) Development of the metrology and imaging of cellulose nanocrystals. Meas Sci Technol 22:024005Google Scholar
  74. Robert WA, Baker JR (1974) Use of guar gum and synthetic cellulose in oilfield stimulation fluids. In: SPE Paper 5005, 4th annual fall meeting of the society of petroleum engineers of AIME, Houston, Texas, 6–9 OctoberGoogle Scholar
  75. Rojo E, Peresin MS, Sampson WW, Hoeger IC, Vartiainen J, Laine J, Rojas OJ (2015) Comprehensive elucidation of the effect of residual lignin on the physical, barrier, mechanical and surface properties of nanocellulose films. Green Chem 17(3):1853–1866Google Scholar
  76. Sayyadnejad M, Ghaffarian H, Saeidi M (2008) Removal of hydrogen sulfide by zinc oxide nanoparticles in drilling fluid. Int J Environ Sci Techol 5:565–569Google Scholar
  77. Scallan AM, Grignon J (1979) The effect of cations on pulp and paper properties. Svensk Papperstidn 82(2):40–47Google Scholar
  78. Seabra AB, Bernardes JS, Fávaro WJ, Paula AJ, Durán N (2018) Cellulose nanocrystals as carriers in medicine and their toxicities: a review. Carbohydr Polym 181:514–527PubMedGoogle Scholar
  79. Sensoy T, Chenevert ME, Sharma MM (2009) Minimizing water invasion in shales using nanoparticles. In: SPE Paper 124429, SPE annual technical conference and exhibition. New Orleans, Louisiana, 4–7 OctoberGoogle Scholar
  80. Shah SN, Shanker NH, Ogugbue CC (2010) Future challenges of drilling fluids and their rheological measurements. In: AADE Paper AADE-10-DF-HO-41, conference and exhibition held at the Hilton Houston North, Houston, Texas, 6–7 AprilGoogle Scholar
  81. Sharma MM, Chenevert ME, Guo Q, Ji L, Friedheim J, Zhang R (2012) A new family of nanoparticle based drilling fluids. In: SPE Paper 160045, SPE annual technical conference and exhibition. San Antonio, Texas, 8–10 OctoberGoogle Scholar
  82. Sjöström E (1993) Wood chemistry: fundamentals and applications, 2nd edn. Academic Press, San DiegoGoogle Scholar
  83. Solala I, Volperts A, Andersone A, Dizhbite T, Mironova-Ulmane N, Vehniäinen A, Vuorinen T (2012) Mechanoradical formation and its effects on birch kraft pulp during the preparation of nanofibrillated cellulose with Masuko refining. Holzforschung 66:477–483Google Scholar
  84. Song K, Wu Q, Li M, Ren S, Dong L, Zhang X, Lei T, Kojima Y (2016a) Water-based bentonite drilling fluids modified by novel biopolymer for minimizing fluid loss and formation damage. Colloids Surf A Physicochem Eng Asp 507:58–66Google Scholar
  85. Song K, Wu Q, Li MC, Wojtanowicz AK, Dong L, Zhang X, Ren S, Lei T (2016b) Performance of low solid bentonite drilling fluids modified by cellulose nanoparticles. J Nat Gas Sci Eng 34:1403–1411Google Scholar
  86. Spence KL, Venditti RA, Habibi Y, Rojas OJ, Pawlak JJ (2010a) The effect of chemical composition on microfibrillar cellulose films from wood pulps: mechanical processing and physical properties. Bioresour Technol 101:5961–5968PubMedGoogle Scholar
  87. Spence KL, Venditti RA, Rojas OJ, Habibi Y, Pawlak JJ (2010b) The effect of chemical composition on microfibrillar cellulose films from wood pulps: water interactions and physical properties for packaging applications. Cellulose 17:835–848Google Scholar
  88. Spence KL, Venditti RA, Rojas OJ, Habibi Y, Pawlak JJ (2011) A comparative study of energy consumption and physical properties of microfibrillated cellulose produced by different processing methods. Cellulose 18:1097–1111Google Scholar
  89. Tenhunen T, Peresin MS, Penttilä PA, Pere J, Serimaa R, Tammelin T (2014) Significance of xylan on the stability and water interactions of cellulosic nanofibrils. React Funct Polym 85:157–166Google Scholar
  90. Turbak AF, Snyder FW, Sandberg KR (1983) Microfibrillated cellulose, a new cellulose product: properties, uses, and commercial potential. J Appl Polym Sci: Appl Polym Symp 37:815–827Google Scholar
  91. Vänskä E, Vihelä T, Peresin MS, Vartiainen J, Hummel M, Vuorinen T (2016) Residual lignin inhibits thermal degradation of cellulosic fiber sheets. Cellulose 23:199–212Google Scholar
  92. Villada Y, Gallardo F, Erdmann E, Casis N, Olivares L, Estenoz D (2017) Functional characterization on colloidal suspensions containing xanthan gum (XGD) and polyanionic cellulose (PAC) used in drilling fluids for a shale formation. Appl Clay Sci 149:59–66Google Scholar
  93. Voisin H, Bergström L, Liu P, Mathew A (2017) Nanocellulose-based materials for water purification. Nanomaterials 7:57PubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  94. Wang X, Cui X, Zhang L (2012) Preparation and characterization of lignin-containing nanofibrillar cellulose. Proc Environ Sci 16:125–130Google Scholar
  95. Warren B, Van der Horst P, Stewart W (2003) Application of amphoteric cellulose ethers in drilling fluids. In: SPE Paper 80210, SPE international symposium on oilfield chemistry, Houston, Texas, 5–7 FebruaryGoogle Scholar
  96. Xu X, Liu F, Jiang L, Zhu JY, Haagenson D, Wiesenborn DP (2013) Cellulose nanocrystals vs. cellulose nanofibrils: a comparative study on their microstructures and effects as polymer reinforcing agents. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 5:2999–3009PubMedGoogle Scholar
  97. Yan L, Wang C, Xu B, Sun J, Yue W, Yang Z (2013) Preparation of a novel amphiphilic comb-like terpolymer as viscosifying additive in low-solid drilling fluid. Mater Lett 105:232–235Google Scholar
  98. Zhong H, Qiu Z, Huang W, Cao J (2012) Poly (oxypropylene)-amidoamine modified bentonite as potential shale inhibitor in water-based drilling fluids. Appl Clay Sci 67:36–43Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yurany Villada
    • 1
  • María Celeste Iglesias
    • 2
  • Natalia Casis
    • 1
  • Eleonora Erdmann
    • 3
  • María Soledad Peresin
    • 2
  • Diana Estenoz
    • 1
  1. 1.INTEC (Universidad Nacional del Litoral – Conicet)Santa FeArgentina
  2. 2.Forest Products Development Center, School of Forestry and Wildlife SciencesAuburn UniversityAuburnUSA
  3. 3.ITBA (Instituto Tecnológico de Buenos Aires)Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos AiresArgentina

Personalised recommendations