Advertisement

Cellulose

, Volume 25, Issue 12, pp 7143–7152 | Cite as

Dispersion of reduced graphene oxide with montmorillonite for enhancing dielectric properties and thermal stability of cyanoethyl cellulose nanocomposites

  • Feijun Wang
  • Minghua Wang
  • Ziqiang Shao
Original Paper
  • 44 Downloads

Abstract

Eco-friendly polymer composites have drawn much attention over the world because of growing environmental problems. In this study, a new type of nanocomposite film using environmentally friendly cyanoethyl cellulose (CEC) as matrix, reduced graphene oxide (rGO) as conductive filler and montmorillonite (MMT) as disperser of graphene was fabricated by solution blending. The results of SEM, XRD and stationary stand test reveal that MMT increases significantly the dispersibility of rGO. The CEC/rGO/MMT ternary nanocomposite film has a high dielectric constant of 125 and low loss of 0.7 at 1000 Hz when 6.8% rGO and 3.4% MMT were added. Furthermore, the addition of MMT and rGO can notably increase the thermal stability and tensile strength of CEC.

Keywords

Cyanoethyl cellulose Dielectric properties Reduced graphene oxide Montmorillonite 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank North Century Cellulose Technology Research and development Co., LTD for supporting cellulose powder. This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

References

  1. Allen MJ, Tung VC, Kaner RB (2010) Honeycomb carbon: a review of graphene. Chem Rev 110:132–145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Arbatti M, Shan X, Cheng ZY (2007) Ceramic-polymer composites with high dielectric constant. Adv Mater 19:1369–1372CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Arora A, Choudhary V, Sharma DK (2010) Effect of clay content and clay/surfactant on the mechanical, thermal and barrier properties of polystyrene/organoclay nanocomposites. J Polym Res 18:43–857Google Scholar
  4. Capkova P, Matejka V, Tokarsky J, Peikertova P, Neuwirthova L, Kulhankova L, Beno J, Styskala V (2014) Electrically conductive aluminosilicate/graphene nanocomposite. J Eur Ceram Soc 34:3111–3117CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chen P, Deng G, Hu D, Wang Y, Meng Z, Hua W, Xi K (2016) Enhanced mechanical properties and thermal stability of PSMA by functionalized graphene nanosheets. RSC Adv 6:68748–68753CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cho S, Kim M, Lee JS, Jang J (2015) Polypropylene/polyaniline nanofiber/reduced graphene oxide nanocomposite with enhanced electrical, dielectric, and ferroelectric properties for a high energy density capacitor. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 7:22301–22314CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Choudhary S, Bald A, Sengwa RJ, Checinska-Majak D, Klimaszewski K (2015) Effects of ultrasonic assisted processing and clay nanofiller on dielectric properties and lithium ion transport mechanism of poly (methyl methacrylate) based plasticized polymer electrolytes. J Appl Polym Sci 132:42188Google Scholar
  8. Chu L, Xue Q, Sun J, Xia F, Xing W, Xia D, Dong M (2013) Porous graphene sandwich/poly(vinylidene fluoride) composites with high dielectric properties. Compos Sci Technol 86:70–75CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Fang X, Liu X, Cui ZK, Qian J, Pan J, Li X et al (2015) Preparation and properties of thermostable well-functionalized graphene oxide/polyimide composite films with high dielectric constant, low dielectric loss and high strength via in situ polymerization. J Mater Chem A 3:10005–10012CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Galantini F, Bianchi S, Castelvetro V, Gallone G (2013) Functionalized carbon nanotubes as a filler for dielectric elastomer composites with improved actuation performance. Smart Mater Struct 22:1307–1312Google Scholar
  11. Gao K, Shao Z, Wu X, Wang X, Zhang Y, Wang W, Wang F (2013) Paper-based transparent flexible thin film supercapacitors. Nanoscale 5:5307–5311CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. George JJ, Bhowmick AK (2008) Ethylene vinyl acetate/expanded graphite nanocomposites by solution intercalation: preparation, characterization and properties. J Mater Sci 43:702–708CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Girdthep S, Komrapit N, Molloy R, Lumyong S, Punyodom W, Worajittiphon P (2015) Effect of plate-like particles on properties of poly (lactic acid)/poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) blend: a comparative study between modified montmorillonite and graphene nanoplatelets. Compos Sci Technol 119:115–123CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Glover AJ, Cai M, Overdeep KR, Kranbuehl DE, Schniepp HC (2011) In situ reduction of graphene oxide in polymers. Macromolecules 44:9821–9829CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hardy CG, Islam MS, Gonzalez-Delozier D, Morgan JE, Cash B, Benicewicz BC et al (2013) Converting an electrical insulator into a dielectric capacitor: end-capping polystyrene with oligoaniline. Chem Mater 25:799–807CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. He F, Lam KH, Fan J, Chan LH (2014) Improved dielectric properties for chemically functionalized exfoliated graphite nanoplates/syndiotactic polystyrene composites prepared by a solution-blending method. Carbon 80:496–503CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Jayalakshmy MS, Philip J (2015) Enhancement in pyroelectric detection sensitivity for flexible LiNbO3/PVDF nanocomposite films by inclusion content control. J Polym Res 22:1–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Jia C, Shao Z, Fan H, Wang J (2015) Preparation and dielectric properties of cyanoethyl cellulose/BaTiO3 flexible nanocomposite films. RSC Adv 5:15283–15291CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Jia C, Shao Z, Fan H, Feng R, Wang F, Wang W, Wang J, Zhang D, Lv Y (2016) Barium titanate as a filler for improving the dielectric property of cyanoethyl cellulose/antimony tin oxide nanocomposite films. Compos Part A 86:1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Kim JY, Lee WH, Suk JW, Potts JR, Chou H, Kholmanov IN, Piner RD, Lee J, Akinwande D, Ruoff RS (2013) Chlorination of reduced graphene oxide enhances the dielectric constant of reduced graphene oxide/polymer composites. Adv Mater 25:2308–2313CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Li C, Li Y, She X, Vongsvivut J, Li J, She F, Gao W, Kong L (2015a) Reinforcement and deformation behaviors of polyvinyl alcohol/graphene/montmorillonite clay composites. Compos Sci Technol 118:1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Li J, Wang F, Shi D, Zhang Y, Shao Z (2015b) Mutifunctional biopolymer nanoparticles for drug delivery and protein immobilization. Ferroelectrics 486:156–167CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Li Y, Fan M, Wu K, Yu F, Chai S, Chen F, Fu Q (2015c) Polydopamine coating layer on graphene for suppressing loss tangent and enhancing dielectric constant of poly(vinylidene fluoride)/graphene composites. Compos Part A 73:85–92CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Li L, Yu M, Jia C, Liu J, Lv Y, Liu Y et al (2017) Cellulosic biomass-reinforced polyvinylidene fluoride separators with enhanced dielectric properties and thermal tolerance. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 9:20885–20894CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Liu S, Zhai J (2015) Improving the dielectric constant and energy density of poly(vinylidene fluoride) composites induced by surface-modified SrTiO3 nanofibers by polyvinylpyrrolidone. J Mater Chem A 3:1511–1517CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Logakis E, Pandis C, Peoglos V, Pissis P, Pionteck J, Poetschke P et al (2009) Electrical/dielectric properties and conduction mechanism in melt processed polyamide/multi-walled carbon nanotubes composites. Polymer 50:5103–5111CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Losego MD, Blitz IP, Vaia RA, Cahill DG, Braun PV (2013) Ultralow thermal conductivity in organoclay nanolaminates synthesized via simple self-assembly. Nano Lett 13:2215–2219CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Mahla DK, Rahaman M, Khastgir D (2015) Composition-dependent electrical and dielectric properties of polyaniline/graphene composites produced byin situpolymerization technique. Polym Compos 36:445–453CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. McAllister MJ, Li JL, Adamson DH, Schniepp HC, Abdala AA, Liu J et al (2007) Single sheet functionalized graphene by oxidation and thermal expansion of graphite. Chem Mater 19:4396–4404CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Mural PKS, Sharma M, Madras G, Bose S (2015) A critical review on in situ reduction of graphene oxide during preparation of conducting polymeric nanocomposites. RSC Adv 46:32078–32087CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Poh CL, Mariatti M, Noor AFM, Sidek O, Chuah TP, Chow SC (2016) Dielectric properties of surface treated multi-walled carbon nanotube/epoxy thin film composites. Compos Part B Eng 85:50–58CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Saad GR (1994) Dielectric behavior of cyanoethylated cellulose. Polym Int 34:411–415CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Shehzad K, Dang ZM, Ahmad MN, Sagar RUR, Butt S, Farooq MU, Wang TB (2013) Effects of carbon nanotubes aspect ratio on the qualitative and quantitative aspects of frequency response of electrical conductivity and dielectric permittivity in the carbon nanotube/polymer composites. Carbon 54:105–112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Shi D, Wang F, Lan T, Zhang Y, Shao Z (2016) Convenient fabrication of carboxymethyl cellulose electrospun nanofibers functionalized with silver nanoparticles. Cellulose 23:1899–1909CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Takechi S, Teramoto Y, Nishio Y (2016) Improvement of dielectric properties of cyanoethyl cellulose via esterification and film stretching. Cellulose 23:765–777CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Tian MW, Qu LJ, Zhang XS, Zhang K, Zhu S (2014) Enhanced mechanical and thermal properties of regenerated cellulose/graphene composite fibers. Carbohydr Polym 111:456–462CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Tong W, Zhang Y, Yu L, Luan X, An Q, Zhang Q, Lv F, Chu PK, Shen B, Zhang Z (2014) Novel method for the fabrication of flexible film with oriented arrays of graphene in poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-hexafluoropropylene) with low dielectric loss. J Phys Chem C 118:10567–10573CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Wan YJ, Tang LC, Yan D, Zhao L, Li YB, Wu LB et al (2013) Improved dispersion and interface in the graphene/epoxy composites via a facile surfactant-assisted process. Compos Sci Technol 82:60–68CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Wan YJ, Yang WH, Yu SH, Sun R, Wong CP, Liao WH (2016) Covalent polymer functionalization of graphene for improved dielectric properties and thermal stability of epoxy composites. Compos Sci Technol 122:27–35CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Wang DR, Bao Y, Zha JW, Zhao J, Dang ZM, Hu GH (2012) Improved dielectric properties of nanocomposites based on poly(vinylidene fluoride) and poly(vinyl alcohol)-functionalized graphene. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 4:6273–6279CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Wang B, Liang G, Jiao Y, Gu A, Liu L, Yuan L, Zhang W (2013) Two-layer materials of polyethylene and a carbon nanotube/cyanate ester composite with high dielectric constant and extremely low dielectric loss. Carbon 54:224–233CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Wang J, Wu J, Xu W, Zhang Q, Fu Q (2014a) Preparation of poly(vinylidene fluoride) films with excellent electric property, improved dielectric property and dominant polar crystalline forms by adding a quaternary phosphorus salt functionalized graphene. Compos Sci Technol 91:1–7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Wang Q, Li G, Zhang J, Huang F, Lu K, Wei Q (2014b) PAN nanofibers reinforced with MMT/GO hybrid nanofillers. J Nanomater 2014:1–10Google Scholar
  44. Wang B, Liu L, Huang L, Chi L, Liang G, Yuan L, Gu A (2015) Fabrication and origin of high-k carbon nanotube/epoxy composites with low dielectric loss through layer-by-layer casting technique. Carbon 85:28–37CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Wu Y, Lin X, Shen X, Sun X, Liu X, Wang Z, Kim JK (2015) Exceptional dielectric properties of chlorine-doped graphene oxide/poly (vinylidene fluoride) nanocomposites. Carbon 89:102–112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Wu W, Huang X, Li S, Jiang P, Toshikatsu T (2016) Novel three-dimensional zinc oxide superstructures for high dielectric constant polymer composites capable of withstanding high electric field. J Phy Chem C 116:24887–24895CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Xie F, Qi SH, Wu D (2016) A facile strategy for the reduction of graphene oxide and its effect on thermal conductivity of epoxy based composites. Expr Polym Lett 10:470–478CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Xu XL, Yang CJ, Yang JH, Huang T, Zhang N, Wang Y et al (2017) Excellent dielectric properties of poly(vinylidene fluoride) composites based on partially reduced graphene oxide. Compos Part B Eng 109:91–100CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Yadav M, Ahmad S (2015) Montmorillonite/graphene oxide/chitosan composite: synthesis, characterization and properties. Int J Bio Macromol 79:923–933CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Ye S, Feng J (2013) A new insight into the in situ thermal reduction of graphene oxide dispersed in a polymer matrix. Polym Chem 4:1765–1768CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. You F, Wang D, Cao J, Li X, Dang ZM, Hu GH (2014) In situ thermal reduction of graphene oxide in a styrene–ethylene/butylene–styrene triblock copolymer via melt blending. Polym Int 63:93–99CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Yu S, Qin F, Wang G (2016) Improving dielectric properties of poly (vinylidene fluoride) composites induced by poly(vinyl pyrrolidone)-encapsulated polyaniline nanorods. J Mater Chem C 4:1504–1510CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Zhang B, Ning W, Zhang J, Qiao X, Zhang J, He J et al (2010) Stable dispersions of reduced graphene oxide in ionic liquids. J Mater Chem 20:5401–5403CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Zhang Z, Luo H, Jiang X, Jiang Z, Yang C (2015) Synthesis of reduced graphene oxide-montmorillonite nanocomposite and its application in hexavalent chromium removal from aqueous solutions. RSC Adv 5:47408–47417CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Zhang GW, Wang FZ, Dai J, Huang Z (2016) Effect of functionalization of graphene nanoplatelets on the mechanical and thermal properties of silicone rubber composites. Materials 9(2):92CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Materials Science & EngineeringBeijing Institute of TechnologyBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Beijing Engineering Research Center of Cellulose and Its DerivativesBeijingPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations