, Volume 25, Issue 4, pp 2547–2558 | Cite as

Nanoporous cellulose membrane doped with silver for continuous catalytic decolorization of organic dyes

  • Yibo Yang
  • Zhenming Chen
  • Xiaodong Wu
  • Xinxing ZhangEmail author
  • Guiping YuanEmail author
Original Paper


Despite the rapid progress in the development of catalysts for dye decolorization, the simultaneous catalyzing and product separation to achieve continuous processing remains a great challenge. Here, silver nanoparticle-doped bacterial cellulose (AgNP@BC) nanoporous membrane with AgNP diameter of ~ 8.1 nm is successfully fabricated without employing any other reductants, capping or dispersing agents. In the procedure, BC hydrogel with 3D network acts as not only a stable scaffold, but also a reductant for the synthesis of AgNPs. The as-prepared membrane exhibits high efficiency of continuous catalytic decolorization toward two typical organic dyes (rhodamine 6G and methyl orange) due to its distinct nanoporous structure. Furthermore, it shows excellent recyclability with a decolorization efficiency of ~ 99% even after ten times of reusing. Our strategy offers a novel, simple and eco-friendly route for the fabrication of nanoporous catalytic membrane and opens up new opportunities for the continuous catalytic decolorization of dyes in scalable application.


Silver nanoparticles Bacterial cellulose Nanoporous membrane Catalysts Decolorization 



The authors thank the National Natural Foundation of China (51673121) and Foundation of State Key Laboratory of Polymer Materials Engineering (Grant No. sklpme 2017-2-06) for financial support.

Supplementary material

10570_2018_1710_MOESM1_ESM.docx (429 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 428 kb)

Supplementary material 2 (AVI 4610 kb)

Supplementary material 3 (AVI 4572 kb)


  1. Aditya T, Pal A, Pal T (2015) Nitroarene reduction: a trusted model reaction to test nanoparticle catalysts. Chem Commun 51:9410–9431CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. An XY, Long YD, Ni YH (2017) Cellulose nanocrystal/hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide/silver nanoparticle composite as a catalyst for reduction of 4-nitrophenol. Carbohydr Polym 156:253–258CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ayhan T, Bayram P, Zeki C et al (2017) Biofilms from micro/nanocellulose of NaBH4-modified kraft pulp. Bull Mater Sci 40:699–710CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Barroso T, Temtem M, Hussain A et al (2014) Preparation and characterization of a cellulose affinity membrane for human immunoglobulin G (IgG) purification. J Membr Sci 348:224–230CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bayram P, Ayhan T, Zeki C et al (2017a) Influence of PVA and silica on chemical, thermo-mechanical and electrical properties of celluclast-treated nanofibrillated cellulose composites. Int J Biol Macromol 104:384–392CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bayram P, Ayhan T, Zeki C et al (2017b) Matrix impact on the mechanical, thermal and electrical properties of microfluidized nanofibrillated cellulose composites. J Polym Eng 22:2–11Google Scholar
  7. Bindhu MR, Umadevi M (2014) Silver and gold nanoparticles for sensor and antibacterial applications. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 128:37–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cao J, Sun XW, Zhang XX et al (2016) Homogeneous synthesis of Ag nanoparticles-doped water-soluble cellulose acetate for versatile applications. Int J Biol Macromol 92:167–173CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Chang GH, Luo YL, Lu WB et al (2011) Ag nanoparticles decorated polyaniline nanofibers: synthesis, characterization, and applications toward catalytic reduction of 4-nitrophenol and electrochemical detection of H2O2 and glucose. Catal Sci Technol 2:800–806CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Cirtiu CM, Briere AFD, Moores A (2011) Cellulose nanocrystallites as an efficient support for nanoparticles of palladium: application for catalytic hydrogenation and Heck coupling under mild conditions. Green Chem 13:288–291CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Gopiraman M, Bang H, Yuan GH et al (2015) Noble metal/functionalized cellulose nanofiber composites for catalytic applications. Carbohydr Polym 132:554–564CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Han F, Kambala VSR, Srinivasan M et al (2009) Tailored titanium dioxide photocatalysts for the degradation of organic dyes in wastewater treatment: a review. Appl Catal A Gen 359:25–40CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Han YY, Wu XD, Zhang XX et al (2016) Reductant-free synthesis of silver nanoparticles-doped cellulose microgels for catalyzing and product separation. ACS Sustain Chem Eng 4:6322–6331CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Holden MS, Nick KE, Hall M et al (2014) Synthesis and catalytic activity of pluronic stabilized silver–gold bimetallic nanoparticles. RSC Adv 94:52279–52288CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hu J, Dong YL, Rahman ZU et al (2014) In situ preparation of core-satellites nanostructural magnetic-Au NPs composite for catalytic degradation of organic contaminants. Chem Eng J 254:514–523CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Huang XJ, Xiao Y, Zhang W et al (2012) In-situ formation of silver nanoparticles stabilized by amphiphilic star-shaped copolymer and their catalytic application. Appl Surf Sci 258:2655–2660CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Jeehye B, Hasmukh A, Damien T et al (2016) Charge-specific size-dependent separation of water-soluble organic molecules by fluorinated nanoporous networks. Nat Commun 7:13317CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Jia K, Wang P, Yuan LT et al (2015) Facile synthesis of luminescent silver nanoparticles and fluorescence interactions with blue-emitting polyarylene ether nitrile. J Mater Chem C 3:3522–3529CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Jonas VR, Thielemans W (2017) Cellulose–gold nanoparticle hybrid materials. Nanoscale 9:8525–8554CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Karim Z, Mathew AP, Grahn M et al (2014) Nanoporous membranes with cellulose nanocrystals as functional entity in chitosan: removal of dyes from water. Carbohydr Polym 112:668–676CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Kaushik M, Moores A (2016) Review: nanocelluloses as versatile supports for metal nanoparticles and their applications in catalysis. Green Chem 18:622–637CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Laudenslager MJ, Schiffman JD, Schauer CL (2008) Carboxymethyl chitosan as a matrix material for platinum, gold, and silver nanoparticles. Biomacromol 9:2682–2685CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Lee JU, Kim JG, Chang JY (2017) Fabrication of a conjugated microporous polymer membrane and its application for membrane catalysis. Sci Rep 7:13568CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Liang M, Su RX, Huang RL et al (2014) Facile in situ synthesis of silver nanoparticles on procyanidin-grafted eggshell membrane and their catalytic properties. ACS Appl Mater Interface 6:4638–4649CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Lu P, Hsieh YL (2012) Cellulose isolation and core-shell nanostructures of cellulose nanocrystals from chardonnay grape skins. Carbohydr Polym 87:2546–2553CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Markovic S, Stankovic A, Lopicic Z et al (2015) Application of raw peach shell particles for removal of methylene blue. J Environ Chem Eng 3:716–724CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Peng HF, Wang SP, Xu HY et al (2017) Preparation, properties and formation mechanism of cellulose/polyvinyl alcohol bio-composite hydrogel membranes. New J Chem 41:6564–6573CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Ruan CS, Zhu YJ, Zhou X et al (2016) Effect of cellulose crystallinity on bacterial cellulose assembly. Cellulose 23:3417–3427CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Salido IL, Lim DC, Kim YD (2005) Ag nanoparticles on highly ordered pyrolytic graphite (HOPG) surfaces studied using STM and XPS. Surf Sci 588:6–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Sharma VK, Filip J, Zboril R et al (2015) Natural inorganic nanoparticles—formation, fate, and toxicity in the environment. Chem Soc Rev 44:8410–8423CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Sharma P, Pant S, Rai S et al (2017) Green synthesis of silver nanoparticle capped with Allium cepa and their catalytic reduction of textile dyes: an ecofriendly approach. J Polym Environ 1:1–9Google Scholar
  32. Shaughnessy KH (2009) Hydrophilic ligands and their application in aqueous-phase metal-catalyzed reactions. Chem Rev 109:643–710CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Vu KB, Bukhryakov KV, Anjum DH et al (2015) Surface-bound ligands modulate chemoselectivity and activity of a bimetallic nanoparticle catalyst. ACS Catal 5:2529–2533CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Wang JF, Tsuzuki T, Tang B et al (2012) Reduced graphene oxide/ZnO composite: reusable adsorbent for pollutant management. ACS Appl Mater Interface 4:3084–3090CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Wang S, Jiang F, Xu X et al (2017) Super-strong, super-stiff macrofibers with aligned, long bacterial cellulose nanofibers. Adv Mater 29:1702498–1702505CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Wu JJ, Zhao N, Zhang XL et al (2012) Cellulose/silver nanoparticles composite microspheres: eco-friendly synthesis and catalytic application. Cellulose 19:1239–1249CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Wu XD, Lu CH, Zhang W et al (2013) A novel reagentless approach for synthesizing cellulose nanocrystal-supported palladium nanoparticles with enhanced catalytic performance. J Mater Chem A 1:8645–8652CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Wu XD, Lu CH, Zhou ZH et al (2014) Green synthesis and formation mechanism of cellulose nanocrystal-supported gold nanoparticles with enhanced catalytic performance. Environ Sci Nano 1:71–79CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Xiong R, Lu CH, Wang YR et al (2013a) Nanofibrillated cellulose as the support and reductant for the facile synthesis of Fe3O4/Ag nanocomposites with catalytic and antibacterial activity. J Mater Chem A 1:14910–14918CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Xiong R, Lu CH, Zhang W et al (2013b) Facile synthesis of tunable silver nanostructures for antibacterial application using cellulose nanocrystals. Carbohydr Polym 95:214–219CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Xu W, Jin WP, Lin LF et al (2014) Green synthesis of xanthan conformation-based silver nanoparticles: antibacterial and catalytic application. Carbohydr Polym 101:961–967CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Yang G, Xie JJ, Deng YX et al (2012) Hydrothermal synthesis of bacterial cellulose/AgNPs composite: a “green” route for antibacterial application. Carbohydr Polym 87:2482–2487CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Yang X, Shi KY, Zhitomirsky I et al (2015) Cellulose nanocrystal aerogels as universal 3D lightweight substrates for supercapacitor materials. Adv Mater 27:6104–6109CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Yao Y, Jie KC, Zhou YJ et al (2014) Reversible assembly of silver nanoparticles driven by host–guest interactions based on water-soluble pillar[n]arenes. Chem Commun 50:5072–5074CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Yue LN, Zheng YD, Xie YJ et al (2016) Preparation of a carboxymethylated bacterial cellulose/polyaniline composite gel membrane and its characterization. RSC Adv 6:68599–68605CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Zhang H, Duan T, Zhu WK et al (2015) Natural chrysotile-based nanowires decorated with monodispersed Ag nanoparticles as a highly active and reusable hydrogenation catalyst. J Phys Chem C 119:21465–21472CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Polymer Materials EngineeringPolymer Research Institute of Sichuan UniversityChengduChina
  2. 2.Guangxi Key Laboratory of Calcium Carbonate Resources Comprehensive Utilization, College of Materials and Environmental EngineeringHezhou UniversityHezhouChina
  3. 3.Analytic and Testing Center of Sichuan UniversityChengduChina

Personalised recommendations