, Volume 21, Issue 5, pp 3507–3514 | Cite as

Carboxymethylated nanofibrillated cellulose: effect of monovalent electrolytes on the rheological properties

  • Ali Naderi
  • Tom LindströmEmail author
Original Paper


The effect of the ionic strength on the properties of a carboxymethylated nanofibrillated cellulose (NFC) system was investigated through rheological studies. It was shown that homogenization of pulp suspensions containing a high amount of a monovalent electrolyte leads to the production of NFC systems displaying a lower magnitude in the rheological response as compared with systems prepared at lower ionic strengths conditions. It was further shown that increasing the ionic strength of NFC suspensions after their manufacturing also results in a lowering of the rheological response. The decreased rheological response in the former case was postulated to be caused by a lowering of the delamination deficiency of the homogenization process, due to decreased swelling of the carboxymethylated pulp, caused by the screening of the charges. In the latter case (post-addition of the electrolyte), the lowering of the rheological response was postulated to be due to the compression of the electrostatic double layer, when the electrostatic repulsion between the charged fibrils diminished in the presence of the electrolyte.


Nanofibrillated cellulose NFC Homogenization Charge density Rheology Ionic strength 



Åsa Engström is thanked for her competent supporting work. Billerud-Korsnäs, Borregaard, De la Rue, Hansol Holmen, Kemira, Korsnäs, Metsä Group, Stora Enso, Södra, Evergreen Packaging and UPM are acknowledged for their financial support.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Innventia ABStockholmSweden

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