Syntheses of 6-O-ethyl/methyl-celluloses via ring-opening copolymerization of 3-O-benzyl-6-O-ethyl/methyl-α-d-glucopyranose 1,2,4-orthopivalates and their structure–property relationships
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6-O-Alkyl-celluloses with well-defined ratio of ethyl and methyl groups at position 6 were prepared by ring-opening copolymerization of 6-O-ethyl and 6-O-methyl glucose 1,2,4-orthopivalate derivatives. An aqueous solution of 6-O-ethyl-cellulose having no methyl group was found to be thermo-responsive to be turbid at ~70 °C. An aqueous solution of 6-O-ethyl-cellulose with higher molecular weight showed endothermic and exothermic peaks in the heating and cooling curves of DSC measurements, respectively. However, 6-O-alkyl-cellulose having 10% methyl group lost its thermo-responsive character. 6-O-Alkyl-celluloses having more than ten percent of ethyl group at position 6 became water-soluble, though 6-O-methyl-cellulose is insoluble in water. Thus, 6-O-ethyl group was found to be of importance for the water solubility of regioselective 6-O-alkyl-celluloses. Furthermore, a small amount of methyl group introduced at C6 position was found to affect some of physical properties of 6-O-alkyl-celluloses such as thermo responsive property.
KeywordsRing-opening polymerization Cellulose Regioselective functionalization Copolymer Ethylcellulose Methylcellulose Water-solubility LCST
This investigation was supported in part by a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research from the Ministry of Education, Science, and Culture of Japan (No. 18680009).
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