Semi-analytical model for third-body perturbations including the inclination and eccentricity of the perturbing body

  • Tao NieEmail author
  • Pini Gurfil
  • Shijie Zhang
Original Article


A general third-body perturbation problem, considering the perturbing body in an elliptic and inclined orbit, is investigated by using a semi-analytical theory. Previous works have contributed to deriving the averaged third-body-perturbed dynamics, but did not provide a transformation between osculating and mean elements in the general case. In this paper, an analytical transformation between osculating and mean elements is developed explicitly using von Zeipel’s method, in addition to developing the long-term dynamical equations. The resulting dynamical model is improved, because the disturbing function is averaged as a whole, instead of separating the disturbing function into many terms and averaging them independently. The simulation results indicate that the new singly averaged dynamical model behaves much better than the doubly averaged dynamics in propagating the long-term evolution of the orbital elements. Moreover, it is shown that the perturbing body’s inclination and eccentricity have a vital influence on the evolution of the satellite’s inclination and eccentricity.


Third-body perturbation von Zeipel’s method Periodic corrections 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest associated with the work reported in this article.

Supplementary material

10569_2019_9905_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (183 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (pdf 182 KB)


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Center of Satellite TechnologyHarbin Institute of TechnologyHarbinChina
  2. 2.Faculty of Aerospace EngineeringTechnion - Israel Institute of TechnologyHaifaIsrael

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