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Teachers’ Intention to Report Child Maltreatment: Testing Theoretically Derived Predictions

  • Athanasia-Dimitra Christodoulou
  • Georgios AbakoumkinEmail author
  • Eleftheria Tseliou
Original Paper

Abstract

Background

Child maltreatment (CM) is a serious societal problem that needs to be reported in order to be dealt with. Teachers, who are in a key position to identify and report CM, often do not report it and this instigated much research on teachers’ intention to report CM. However, most of this research examined potentially related variables without using any particular theory, while the few theoretically informed studies mostly used the theory of planned behavior (TPB), an extension of the theory of reasoned action (TRA).

Objective

In the present study, both TRA and TPB were used to predict teachers’ intention to report CM.

Method

Teachers’ (N = 117) attitude, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control and intention to report CM were assessed with the Child Abuse Report Intention Scale (CARIS) in a 4 (abuse type: physical vs. sexual vs. emotional vs. neglect) × 2 (severity level: low vs. high) within subjects design.

Results

TRA and TPB could both predict teachers’ intention to report CM. However, TRA was better than TPB in predicting report intention for low severity cases, whereas TPB was better for high severity cases.

Conclusions

TRA and TPB are both useful theories within the context of reporting CM. For the reporting of high (but not low) severity CM it is crucial to understand the potential reporter’s relevant control beliefs. Theoretically driven research on teachers’ intentions to report CM promises an overall better handling of this serious societal problem.

Keywords

Child maltreatment Child abuse and neglect Teachers Theory of reasoned action Theory of planned behavior 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank Jui-Ying Feng for providing us with the CARIS as well as with relevant information and Wolfgang Stroebe for helpful comments on an earlier draft.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

The treatment of our study’s human participants complies with APA ethical standards and with the University of Thessaly Code of Conduct.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Psychology, Department of Early Childhood EducationUniversity of ThessalyVolosGreece

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