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Interaction of EZH2 and P65 is involved in the arsenic trioxide-induced anti-angiogenesis in human triple-negative breast cancer cells

  • Fei Jiang
  • Yuan Li
  • Lu Si
  • Zengli Zhang
  • Zhong LiEmail author
Original Article
  • 132 Downloads

Abstract

Breast cancer (BC) is the most common female malignancy in the world. Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a subtype of BC characterized by the lack of estrogen receptors, progesterone receptors, and human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER-2), resulting in the limited therapeutic options. Due to the aggressive behaviors at early stage, TNBC exhibits poorer outcomes compared to other BC subtypes. Hematogenous metastasis, which spreads cancerous cells to lungs and/or bones, plays a pivotal role in the progression of TNBC. Therefore, it is of great importance to study the anti-angiogenesis regulation mechanism for finding new treatment options for TNBC. Arsenic trioxide (ATO) exhibits anti-cancer effect on solid tumors, including TNBC. However, the roles and the molecular mechanism of ATO in the anti-angiogenesis of TNBC remain less well documented. Our data showed that ATO restrained the expression and secretion of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and impaired the angiogenic ability in TNBC cells. In addition, ATO suppressed the angiogenic ability in TNBC by inhibiting the interaction of the enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) with p65, downregulating the nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) activity, hence contributing to the regulation of IL-6/Stat3 signaling pathway. All of our findings would help to better understand the mechanism of ATO anti-angiogenesis in TNBC, thus highlighting the therapeutic potential of ATO in TNBC by targeting angiogenesis.

Keywords

Triple-negative breast cancer Angiogenesis Arsenic trioxide NF-κB/IL-6/Stat3 signaling EZH2 

Abbreviations

ATO

Arsenic trioxide

EZH2

Enhancer of zeste homolog 2

HUVECs

Human umbilical vein endothelial cells

TNBC

Triple-negative breast cancer

Notes

Funding

This work was supported by grants from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (81703209, 81673205), the Postdoctoral Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province, China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2017M621823, 2018T110548), the Major Program of Natural Science Research of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions (15KJA330001), and a project funded by the Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions (PAPD).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fei Jiang
    • 1
  • Yuan Li
    • 2
    • 3
  • Lu Si
    • 4
  • Zengli Zhang
    • 1
  • Zhong Li
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Public HealthMedical College of Soochow UniversitySuzhouChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Modern Toxicology, Ministry of Education, Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Public HealthNanjing Medical UniversityNanjingChina
  3. 3.Center for Global Health, School of Public HealthNanjing Medical UniversityNanjingChina
  4. 4.Xuzhou Health Inspection InstituteXuzhouChina

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