Advertisement

Development of Red Mud Coated Catalytic Filter for NOx Removal in the High Temperature Range of 300–450 °C

  • Lin Huangfu
  • Abdullahi Abubakar
  • Changming LiEmail author
  • Yunjia Li
  • Chao Wang
  • Shiqiu Gao
  • Zhouen Liu
  • Jian YuEmail author
Article
  • 7 Downloads

Abstract

The red mud (RM) coated catalytic filter was developed as efficient multifunctional material to simultaneously remove NOx and dust in the high temperature range of 300–450 °C, which exhibits excellent deNOx activity/durability as well as low pressure drop with more than 80% NO conversion in the presence of H2O/SO2. The performance of the RM coated catalytic filter is obviously superior to that of the reference samples of V–W–Ti and Fe–Ti based filter. The multiple characterization data (including XRD, XRF, BET, SEM, TPX and LPSA) reveals the amorphous state of the RM catalyst with high dispersity of Fe active sites accounts for the high adsorption capacity of NH3 and thus excellent deNOx performance. Moreover, the prepared colloidal RM slurry is very uniform and stable with the smallest average particle size, which reduces the blocking up of the channel of filter and facilitates the decrease of pressure drop as well as the improvement of deNOx activity. The excellent deNOx performance, low pressure drop together with the low cost make the RM coated catalytic filter to be promising application prospect for purification of the high-temperature flue gas with high content of dust such as in cement and glass furnaces.

Graphic Abstract

The preparation of RM catalytic filter and the comparison of SCR performance between three kinds of catalytic filters.

Keywords

Red mud Catalytic filter Selective catalytic reduction Pressure drop 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful for the financial support of International Science and Technology Cooperation Program of China (2016YFE0128300), Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant 21601192 and 21878310) and the independent subject from State Key Laboratory of Multi-phase Complex Systems (Grant MPCS-2019-0-03).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interest.

References

  1. 1.
    Saracco G, Specchia S, Specchia V (1996) Catalytically modified fly-ash filters for NOx reduction with NH3. Chem Eng Sci 51:5289–5297.  https://doi.org/10.1016/s0009-2509(96)00373-9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Choi JH, Kim SK, Bak YC (2001) The reactivity of V2O5-WO3-TiO2 catalyst supported on a ceramic filter candle for selective reduction of NO. Korean J Chem Eng 18:719–724.  https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02706392 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Fino D, Russo N, Saracco G, Specchia V (2004) A multifunctional filter for the simultaneous removal of fly-ash and NOx from incinerator flue gases. Chem Eng Sci 59:5329–5336.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ces.2004.09.029 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Nacken M, Heidenreich S, Hackel M, Schaub G (2007) Catalytic activation of ceramic filter elements for combined particle separation, NOx removal and VOC total oxidation. Appl Catal B 70:370–376.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2006.02.030 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Zuercher S, Pabst K, Schaub G (2009) Ceramic foams as structured catalyst inserts in gas-particle filters for gas reactions-effect of backmixing. Appl Catal A 357:85–92.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcata.2009.01.020 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Zhang YS, Li CM, Yu C, Tran TS, Guo F, Yang YQ, Yu J, Xu GW (2017) Synthesis, characterization and activity evaluation of Cu-based catalysts derived from layered double hydroxides (LDHs) for DeNOx reaction. Chem Eng J 330:1082–1090.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2017.08.044 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Park YO, Lee KW, Rhee YW (2009) Removal characteristics of nitrogen oxide of high temperature catalytic filters for simultaneous removal of fine particulate and NOx. J Ind Eng Chem 15(1):36–39.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jiec.2008.07.009 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Saracco G, Specchia V (1998) Simultaneous removal of nitrogen oxides and fly-ash from coal-based power-plant flue gases. Appl Therm Eng 18:1025–1035.  https://doi.org/10.1016/s1359-4311(98)00035-0 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Choi JH, Kim SK, Ha SJ, Park YO (2001) The preparation of V2O5/TiO2 catalyst supported on the ceramic filter candle for selective reduction of NO. Korean J Chem Eng 18:456–462.  https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02698290 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Heidenreich S, Nacken M, Hackel M, Schaub G (2008) Catalytic filter elements for combined particle separation and nitrogen oxides removal from gas streams. Powder Technol 180:86–90.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.powtec.2007.02.033 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Choi JH, Kim JH, Bak YC, Amal R, Scott J (2005) Pt-V2O5-WO3/TiO2 catalysts supported on SiC filter for NO reduction at low temperature. Korean J Chem Eng 22:844–851.  https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02705663 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kim Y, Choi J, Yu L, Bak Y (2007) Modification of V2O5-WO3/TiO2 catalysts supported on SiC filter for NO reduction at low temperature. Solid State Phenom 124:1713–1716.  https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/SSP.124-126.1713 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kato A, Matsuda S, Nakajima F, Imanari M, Watanabe Y (1981) Reduction of nitric-oxide with ammonia on iron-oxide titanium-oxide catalyst. J Phys Chem 85:1710–1713.  https://doi.org/10.1021/j150612a024 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Qi GS, Yang RT (2005) Ultra-active Fe/ZSM-5 catalyst for selective catalytic reduction of nitric oxide with ammonia. Appl Catal B 60:13–22.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2005.01.012 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Wan HJ, Wu BS, Zhang CH, Xiang HW, Li YW, Xu BF, Yi F (2007) Study on Fe-Al2O3 interaction over precipitated iron catalyst for Fischer-Tropsch synthesis. Catal Commun 8:1538–1545.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.catcom.2007.01.002 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Liu C, Yang S, Ma L, Peng Y, Hamidreza A, Chang H, Li J (2013) Comparison on the performance of α-Fe2O3 and γ- Fe2O3 for selective catalytic reduction of nitrogen oxides with ammonia. Catal Lett 143:697–704.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10562-013-1017-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Yang SJ, Liu CX, Chang HZ, Ma L, Qu Z, Yan NQ, Wang CZ, Li JH (2013) Improvement of the activity of gamma-Fe2O3 for the selective catalytic reduction of NO with NH3 at high temperatures: NO reduction versus NH3 oxidization. Ind Eng Chem Res 52:5601–5610.  https://doi.org/10.1021/ie303272u CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Huang H, Lan Y, Shan W, Qi F, Xiong S, Liao Y, Fu Y, Yang S (2014) Effect of sulfation on the selective catalytic reduction of NO with NH3 over γ-Fe2O3. Catal Lett 144:578–584.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10562-013-1174-4 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Li CM, Zeng H, Liu PL, Yu J, Guo F, Xu GW, Zhang ZG (2017) The recycle of red mud as excellent SCR catalyst for removal of NOx. Rsc Adv 7:53622–53630.  https://doi.org/10.1039/c7ra10348d CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Gan LN, Guo F, Yu J, Xu GW (2016) Improved low-temperature activity of V2O5-WO3/TiO2 for denitration using different vanadium precursors. Catalysts 6:25.  https://doi.org/10.3390/catal6020025 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Zhang YS, Li CM, Zeng H, Yu C, Yu J, Yang YQ, Xu GW, Gao SQ (2017) Preparation of V2O5-WO3-TiO2/cordierite based catalytic filter for removal of NOx from flue gas. Chin J Process Eng 17:1249–1256.  https://doi.org/10.12034/j.issn.1009-606X.217172 Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Yu C, Li CM, Zhang YS, Guo F, Yu J, Yang YQ, Xu GW (2018) The effect of ceramic matrices on the dispersion of loaded catalyst and the deNOx activity of catalytic filters. J Chem Ind Eng 69:682–689.  https://doi.org/10.11949/j.issn.0438-1157.20170939 Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Yang SJ, Yang S, Li JH, Wang CZ, Chen JH, Ma L, Chang HZ, Chen L, Peng Y, Yan NQ (2012) Fe-Ti spinel for the selective catalytic reduction of NO with NH3: mechanism and structure-activity relationship. Appl Catal B 117:73–80.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2012.01.001 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Reiche MA, Maciejewski M, Baiker A (2000) Characterization by temperature programmed reduction. Catal Today 56:347–355.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0920-5861(99)00294-1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Chen L, Li JH, Ge MF (2009) Promotional effect of Ce-doped V2O5-WO3/TiO2 with low vanadium loadings for selective catalytic reduction of NOx by NH3. J Phys Chem C 113:21177–21184.  https://doi.org/10.1021/jp907109c CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Liu ZM, Su H, Chen BH, Li JH, Woo SI (2016) Activity enhancement of WO3 modified Fe2O3 catalyst for the selective catalytic reduction of NOx by NH3. Chem Eng J 299:255–262.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2016.04.100 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Liu FD, He H, Zhang CB, Feng ZC, Zheng LR, Xie YN, Hu TD (2010) Selective catalytic reduction of NO with NH3 over iron titanate catalyst: catalytic performance and characterization. Appl Catal B 96:408–420.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2010.02.038 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Sastri MV, Viswanath RP, Viswanathan B (1982) Studies on the reduction of iron-oxide with hydrogen. Int J Hydrogen Energy 7:951–955.  https://doi.org/10.1016/0360-3199(82)90163-x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Wang XB, Wu SG, Zou WX, Yu SH, Gui KT, Dong L (2016) Fe-Mn/Al2O3 catalysts for low temperature selective catalytic reduction of NO with NH3. Chin J Catal 37:1314–1323.  https://doi.org/10.1016/s1872-2067(15)61115-9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Klimczak M, Kern P, Heinzelmann T, Lucas M, Claus P (2010) High-throughput study of the effects of inorganic additives and poisons on NH3-SCR catalysts—part I: V2O5–WO3/TiO2 catalysts. Appl Catal B 95:39–47.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2009.12.007 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Wu GX, Li J, Fang ZT, Lan L, Wang R, Lin T, Gong MC, Chen YQ (2015) Effectively enhance catalytic performance by adjusting pH during the synthesis of active components over FeVO4/TiO2-WO3-SiO2 monolith catalysts. Chem Eng J 271:1–13.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2015.02.012 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Long RQ, Yang RT (1999) Selective catalytic reduction of nitrogen oxides by ammonia over Fe3+-exchanged TiO2-pillared clay catalysts. J Catal 186:254–268.  https://doi.org/10.1006/jcat.1999.2558 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Zhu L, Zhong ZP, Yang H, Wang CH, Wang LX (2017) DeNO(x) performance and characteristic study for transition metals doped iron based catalysts. Korean J Chem Eng 34:1229–1237.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11814-016-0369-y CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Yang SJ, Wang CZ, Chen JH, Peng Y, Ma L, Chang HZ, Chen L, Liu CX, Xu JY, Li JH (2012) A novel magnetic Fe-Ti-V spinel catalyst for the selective catalytic reduction of NO with NH3 in a broad temperature range. Catal Sci Technol 2:915–917.  https://doi.org/10.1039/c2cy00459c CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Long RQ, Yang RT (2002) Selective catalytic oxidation of ammonia to nitrogen over Fe2O3-TiO2 prepared with a sol-gel method. J Catal 207:158–165.  https://doi.org/10.1006/jcat.2002.3545 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Dunn JP, Stenger HG, Wachs IE (1999) Oxidation of SO2 over supported metal oxide catalysts. J Catal 181:233–243.  https://doi.org/10.1006/jcat.1998.2305 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lin Huangfu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Abdullahi Abubakar
    • 1
    • 2
  • Changming Li
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yunjia Li
    • 1
    • 2
  • Chao Wang
    • 3
  • Shiqiu Gao
    • 1
  • Zhouen Liu
    • 1
  • Jian Yu
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Multi-phase Complex Systems, Institute of Process EngineeringChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.School of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringUniversity of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.School of Chemical EngineeringXiangtan UniversityXiangtanChina

Personalised recommendations