Dehydrogenative Coupling of Toluene Promoted by Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes

  • Soliman I. El-HoutEmail author
  • Yang Zhou
  • Jun Kano
  • Yoshiaki Uchida
  • Yuta NishinaEmail author


We report here the formation of carbon–carbon bonds via carbon-hydrogen bond activation catalysed by multi-walled carbon nanotubes (mwcnts), the catalytic activity of which is influenced by nanocarbon morphology and structure. Control of nanocarbon defects and edges allows the realisation of a high-performance carbon-based catalyst that can replace its metal-based counterparts.

Graphic Abstract


Dehydrogenative coupling MWCNTS Toluene C-H bond activation Carbocatalyst 



The authors gratefully acknowledge W. Chen for his contribution to XPS measurements, T. Yamazaki for his contribution to ESR measurements and H. Suzuki for his contribution to NMR. This work was financially supported by JST SICORP, ANR (ANR-15-JTIC-0002-01), and the Egyptian government.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

10562_2019_2951_MOESM1_ESM.docx (1015 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 1015 kb)


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Core for Interdisciplinary SciencesOkayama UniversityOkayamaJapan
  2. 2.Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology DepartmentCentral Metallurgical Research and Development Institute (CMRDI)HelwanEgypt
  3. 3.Graduate School of Natural Science and TechnologyOkayama UniversityOkayamaJapan
  4. 4.Graduate School of Engineering ScienceOsaka UniversityToyonakaJapan
  5. 5.Precursory Research for Embryonic Science and TechnologyJapan Science and Technology AgencyKawaguchiJapan

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