RGO Boosts Band Gap Regulates for Constructing Ni2P/RGO/MoO2 Z-Scheme Heterojunction to Achieve High Efficiency Photocatalytic H2 Evolution
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A Z-scheme heterojunction composite material Ni2P/RGO/MoO2 with high efficiency HER activity via a simple hydrothermal synthesis method which is one-step for photocatalytic H2 production was synthesized. The composite material which used reduced graphene oxide (RGO) as an electron transport medium and utilized a synergistic action of non-noble metal semiconductors Ni2P and MoO2 to construct Z-scheme heterojunction. Compared with the binary Ni2P/MoO2 composite photocatalyst, the photocatalytic hydrogen evolution activity of RGO assisted ternary composite Ni2P/RGO/MoO2 is significantly improved under visible light (λ > 420 nm) in the dye sensitization system in 5 h. The photocatalyst with optimal ratio reaches 355.34 μmol, which is about two times as much as the one without RGO. The transient photocurrent response, fluorescence test and hydroxyl radical capture experiment show that the type-II heterojunction originally composed of Ni2P and MoO2 is converted to Z-scheme in the presence of RGO. The transformation of the electron transfer mode effectively reduces the composite of photogenerated carriers. In addition, in situ hydrothermal synthesis allows Ni2P and MoO2 to be firmly modified on the RGO surface. This makes the composite photocatalyst exhibit great catalytic stability, and the HER activity of the photocatalyst hardly decrease in the four-cycle experiment. Through the one-step hydrothermal method, RGO assisted non-precious metal semiconductor composite provides a new idea for the synthesis of photocatalytic materials.
KeywordsNi2P/RGO/MoO2 Heterostructure Z-scheme Photocatalytic hydrogen evolution
This work was supported by Natural Science Foundation of Ningxia Province (NZ17262) and Foundation of Key Laboratory of Electrochemical Energy Conversion Technology and Application at North Minzu University (2018KLEA02).
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