Catalysis Letters

, Volume 149, Issue 11, pp 3119–3131 | Cite as

NO Adsorption and Removal at Low Temperature by Adsorption Catalyst (Ce–Fe–Mn/ACFN)

  • Boru Zhang
  • Weijun LiuEmail author
  • Furong Liang
  • Shuhua Zhang


FM/ACFN and Ce-doped CFM/ACFN low-temperature catalysts are prepared by an impregnation method that takes polyacrylonitrile-based activated carbon fiber modified with nitric acid as the carrier. The catalysts are characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, and thermogravimetric analysis. The effects of temperature, oxygen, and sulfur dioxide on the adsorption and removal of NO by catalyst are studied by laboratory gas distribution. Results show that the addition of metal oxide can increase the ability of chemical adsorption of NO by ACFN by 2.5%, and the ability of catalytic reduction of NO can be increased by up to 14%. Under the condition of oxygen and ammonia as reducing agent at 250 °C, the ability of metal-oxide-loaded ACFN to catalyze the reduction of NO can reach up to 68%. The addition of Ce does not completely inhibit the decrease of the ability of the catalyst in treating NO under sulfur-containing conditions, but it can maintain the catalyst’s reducing ability at a relatively stable level, and the presence of SO2 will reduce the redox capacity of ACFN itself.

Graphic Abstract


Adsorption catalyst Low-temperature denitrification Sulfur poisoning Activated carbon fiber (ACF) NO storage and reduction technology (NSR) 



  1. 1.
    Can F, Courtois X, Royer S et al (2012) An overview of the production and use of ammonia in NSR + SCR coupled system for NOx, reduction from lean exhaust gas. Catal Today 197(1):144–154CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Adapa S, Gaur V, Verma N (2006) Catalytic oxidation of NO by activated carbon fiber (ACF). Chem Eng J 116(1):25–37CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Mochida I, Shirahama N, Kawano S et al (2000) NO oxidation over activated carbon fiber (ACF). Part 1. Extended kinetics over a pitch based ACF of very large surface area. Fuel 79(14):1713–1723CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Yoshikawa M, Yasutake A, Mochida I (1998) Low-temperature selective catalytic reduction of NOx, by metal oxides supported on active carbon fibers. Appl Catal A Gener 173:239–245CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Huang J, Tong Z, Huang Y et al (2008) Selective catalytic reduction of NO with NH3, at low temperatures over iron and manganese oxides supported on mesoporous silica. Appl Catal B 78(3–4):309–314CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Wu Z, Jin R, Wang H et al (2009) Effect of ceria doping on SO resistance of Mn/TiO2 for selective catalytic reduction of NO with NH3 at low temperature. Catal Commun 10(6):935–939CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Junior MAA, Matsushima JT, Rezende MC et al (2017) Production and characterization of activated carbon fiber from textile PAN fiber. J Aerosp Technol Manag 9(4):423–430CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Gao ZM, Yue WU, Mei T (1996) NO Reduction by surface oxygen-containing groups on active carbons. Chem Res Chin Univ 17(6):961–964Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Raymundo-Pinero E, Cazorla-Amoros D, Linares-Solano A (2003) The role of different nitrogen functional groups on the removal of SO2 from flue gases by N-doped activated carbon powders and fibres. Carbon. 41(10):1925–1932CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Guo J, Lua AC (2000) Preparation of activated carbons from oil-palm-stone chars by microwave induced Carbon dioxide activation. Carbon 38(14):1985–1993CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Guo Y, Zhao J, Zhang H et al (2005) Use of rice husk-based porous carbon for adsorption of Rhodamine B from aqueous solutions. Dyes Pigm 66(2):123–128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Yoon KS, Ryu SK (2010) Removal of NO using surface modified activated carbon fiber (ACF) by impregnation and heat-treatment of propellant waste. Korean J Chem Eng 27(6):1882–1886CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Qi G, Yang RT, Chang R (2004) MnOx-CeO mixed oxides prepared by co-precipitation for selective catalytic reduction of NO with NH at low temperatures. Appl Catal B 51(2):93–106CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Pena DA, Uphade BS, Reddy EP et al (2004) Identification of surface species on titania-supported manganese, chromium, and copper oxide low-temperature SCR catalysts. J Phys Chem B. 108(28):9927–9936CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Guan B, Lin H, Cheng Q et al (2010) Synergistic reduction of NOx from diesel engine exhaust by non-thermal plasma facilitated NH3-SCR. J Eng Thermophys 31(10):1767–1771Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Zeng Zheng, Pei Lu, Li Caiting et al (2012) Selective catalytic reduction (SCR) of NO by urea loaded on activated carbon fibre (ACF) and CeO2/ACF at 30 & #xB0;C: The SCR mechanism. Environ Technol Lett 33(11):7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Wang Y, Li X, Zhan L et al (2016) Effect of SO2 on activated carbon honeycomb supported CeO2–MnOx catalyst for NO removal at low temperature. Ind Eng Chem Res 54(8):150211102045005Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Yoshimura Y, Yasuda H, Sato T et al (2001) Sulfur-tolerant Pd-Pt/Yb-USY zeolite catalysts used to reformulate diesel oils. Appl Catal A 207(1):303–307CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Boru Zhang
    • 1
  • Weijun Liu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Furong Liang
    • 1
  • Shuhua Zhang
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Mechanical and Automotive EngineeringShanghai University of Engineering ScienceShanghaiChina
  2. 2.School of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringShanghai University of Engineering ScienceShanghaiChina

Personalised recommendations