Higher Acetone Conversion Obtained Over a TiO2–Pd Bifunctional Catalyst for Liquid-Phase Synthesis of Methyl Isobutyl Ketone: The Role of Al2O3 Support
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We reported a bifunctional catalyst TiO2/Al2O3 and Pd/Cor for one-pot liquid-phase synthesis of MIBK from acetone in this paper. The characterizations of FT-IR, Raman spectra, TEM, XPS, CO2-TPD, NH3-TPD, Py-IR and TGA spectra revealed that the TiO2/Al2O3 could possess more acid sites and especially Lewis acid sites due to the coexistence of TiO2 and Al2O3. So a higher acetone conversion 35–45% at 150 °C and 2.0 MPa pressure was achieved than ever reported for MIBK liquid-phase synthesis. In addition, the catalyst could keep active for at least 90 h on stream at 80–90% MIBK selectivity. The phenomenon of carbonaceous accumulation on TiO2/Al2O leaded to the deactivation of catalyst.
KeywordsAcetone Methyl isobutyl ketone TiO2/Al2O3 Lewis acid sites Carbonaceous accumulation
This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21676303), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities of Central South University (No. 2018zzts382).
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Conflict of interest
The authors declare no competing financial interest.