An Effective One-Pot Access to 2-Amino-4H-benzo[b]pyrans and 1,4-Dihydropyridines via γ-Cyclodextrin-Catalyzed Multi-Component Tandem Reactions in Deep Eutectic Solvent

  • Xingquan XiongEmail author
  • Chao Yi
  • Xu Liao
  • Shilin Lai


A simple, highly efficient and green route for the synthesis of 2-amino-4H-benzo[b]pyrans and 1,4-dihydropyridines has been developed by using γ-cyclodextrin (γ-CD) as catalyst in deep eutectic solvent (DES) of urea-choline chloride (urea-ChCl), for the first time, accomplished via a one-pot, three-component strategy. All the reactions were successfully carried out under mild conditions and gave good to excellent yields (86–98%) in 8–28 min in the presence of 5 mol% of the γ-CD catalyst. The short reaction time, green reaction medium, moderate reaction conditions, simple work-up procedure and use of easily available reagents are the attractive features of this novel synthetic method. More importantly, the urea-ChCl-γ-CD catalytic system was regenerated and reused up to 6 times with a slight drop in the product yields.

Graphical Abstract


γ-Cyclodextrin Multi-component reaction Supramolecular catalyst Deep eutectic solvent 



This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21004024), the Natural Science Foundation of Fujian province (2016J01063), the Program for New Century Excellent Talents in University of Fujian province (2012FJ-NCET-ZR03) and the Promotion Program for Young and Middle-aged Teacher in Science and Technology Research of Huaqiao University (ZQN-YX103).

Supplementary material

10562_2019_2767_MOESM1_ESM.doc (132 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 132 kb)


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Materials Science and EngineeringUniversity of HuaqiaoXiamenChina

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