Preparation of the Hierarchical Ti-Rich TS-1 via TritonX-100-Assisted Synthetic Strategy for the Direct Oxidation of Benzene

  • Xiaohua Shen
  • Jingjing Wang
  • Miaoqing Liu
  • Mengzhe Li
  • Jianjun LuEmail author


A new route to synthesis hierarchical Ti-rich TS-1 with uniform intracrystalline mesopores, uniform crystal size and the higher Ti content has been developed by using the environmental-friendly and cheap surfactant Triton X-100 as the assisted template agent and (NH4)2CO3 as crystallization-mediating agent. In this way, the surface area and pore volume of the resulting materials can be adjusted by the Triton X-100 content. The catalytic properties of the Nano-size hierarchical Ti-rich TS-1 were investigated by hydroxylation of benzene to phenol with H2O2 as oxidizing agent and deionized water as solvent. Due to the combination of hierarchical pores and high titanium content, the hierarchical Ti-rich TS-1 shows improved catalytic activity in the oxidation of benzene.

Graphical Abstract


Triton X-100 Hierarchical Ti-rich TS-1 Hydroxylation of benzene 



The project is supported by Shanxi Province Major Special Program Project Fund of Science and Technology Department (MJH2016-04), Shanxi Province Science Fundation for Youths (201601D202032), China Scholarship Council.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiaohua Shen
    • 1
  • Jingjing Wang
    • 1
  • Miaoqing Liu
    • 2
  • Mengzhe Li
    • 1
  • Jianjun Lu
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.College of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringTaiyuan University of TechnologyTaiyuanChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Coal Science and TechnologyTaiyuan University of TechnologyTaiyuanChina
  3. 3.College of Textile EngineeringTaiyuan University of TechnologyTaiyuanChina

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