Effect of Addition of K, Rh and Fe Over Mo/HZSM-5 on Methane Dehydroaromatization Under Non-oxidative Conditions

  • Vaidheeshwar Ramasubramanian
  • Daniel J. Lienhard
  • Hema RamsurnEmail author
  • Geoffrey L. Price


Methane dehydroaromatization was studied over a series of K, Rh and Fe promoted 10 wt% Mo/HZSM-5 catalysts with different promoter loadings of 0.5, 1 and 1.5 wt% at 750 °C in a recirculating batch reactor. All the catalysts were reduced in H2 at 750 °C prior to methane activation. K, Rh and Fe- promoted Mo/HZSM-5 catalysts were prepared by sequential impregnation. N-propylamine-temperature programmed desorption confirmed the significant modification in the acidity of the catalyst upon addition of K. Compared to 10 wt% Mo/HZSM-5, the conversion of CH4 remained nearly unchanged for 1 wt% K-promoted catalyst but decreased by ~ 46% for 1 wt% Rh promoted catalyst and by ~ 4.3% for Fe-promoted catalyst after 255 min of reaction. The conversion of CH4 further decreased with increase in K and Rh loading but increased with increase in Fe loading. Compared to Rh and Fe-promoted catalysts, K-promoted catalyst exhibited better selectivity for C6H6 after 255 min of reaction. The temperature programmed oxidation results revealed that K promoted catalyst significantly reduced coking. 1 wt% K added to 10 wt% Mo/HZSM-5 exhibited optimum performance, where the conversion of CH4 was ~ 28%, selectivity of C6H6 was ~ 50% while the selectivity of carbon was ~ 47% after 255 min of reaction.

Graphical Abstract


Methane dehydroaromatization Promoters K-Mo/HZSM-5 H2 pretreatment β−Mo2



The financial support from the University of Tulsa (Faculty Development Summer Fellowship) and ACS-PRF (PRF# 56052-DNI9) are gratefully acknowledged. We thank Dr. Winton Cornell, Applied Associate Professor, The University of Tulsa, for the XRD measurements.

Compliance of Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vaidheeshwar Ramasubramanian
    • 1
  • Daniel J. Lienhard
    • 1
  • Hema Ramsurn
    • 1
    Email author
  • Geoffrey L. Price
    • 1
  1. 1.Russell School of Chemical EngineeringThe University of TulsaTulsaUSA

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