Catalysis Letters

, Volume 149, Issue 1, pp 25–33 | Cite as

Nickel Bipyridine (Ni(bpy)3Cl2) Complex Used as Molecular Catalyst for Photocatalytic CO2 Reduction

  • Jinliang LinEmail author
  • Biao Qin
  • Zhenxing Fang


A facile heterogeneous photocatalyst system that consists of a nickel complex and cadmium sulfide (CdS), which act as the catalyst and light antenna, respectively, was developed to the efficiency photocatalytic activation and conversion of CO2. Ni(bpy)3Cl2 was firstly found to be an active material for photocatalytic CO2 reduction. Besides, promoting the photo-generated electrons transfer from CdS to CO2 through such nickel complex further enhanced the catalytic activity. 5.2 µmol of CO has been obtained in acetonitrile solution containing Ni(bpy)3Cl2 under 2 h visible-light irradiation, which is approximately sixfold more than that system without Ni(bpy)3Cl2 complex. The different amount of Ni(bpy)3Cl2 used reveals the relationship of active center and photocatalytic performance. The use of a suitable amount of Ni(bpy)3Cl2 resulting in an apparent quantum yield of 1.68% at 420 nm. Electrochemical measurement and photochemical observation suggest a possible mechanistic detail of charge carrier transfer and information of key intermediates during CO2 reduction, which broadens the perspective of reaction mechanism.

Graphical Abstract


Ni(bpy)3Cl2 Molecular catalyst Photocatalysis CO2 reduction 



This work was sponsored by Natural Science Foundation of Guizhou Province ([2017]1198). This work was also supported by projects of “Physical Breeding First-class Subjects” ([2018]34) and “Chemical First-class Subjects” ([2018]40).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no competing financial interests.

Supplementary material

10562_2018_2586_MOESM1_ESM.doc (1.4 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 1433 KB)


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical and EngineeringZunyi Normal UniversityZunyiPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsZunyi Normal UniversityZunyiPeople’s Republic of China

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