Nickel–Tungsten Supported on Thin Carbon Coated SiO2 Nanosphere for Cellulose Conversion to Lower Polyols
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Production of polyols and other chemicals from cellulose was important for sustainable society, and it had long relied on the design of suitable catalysts to achieve high yield of lower polyols. Herein, we reported a new preparing strategy for nickel–tungsten catalyst to fabricate Ni–W/SiO2@C catalysts coated by thin carbon. The crystal carbon demonstrated the recommendable confinement effect to obtain the well dispersed metallic particles on SiO2. The prepared composites were characterized by means of XRD, N2 physisorption, thermogravimetry, XPS, TEM, element mapping and atomic force microscope. These characterizations confirmed that more phases including WO3, Ni, NiW alloys and NiC were formed by incorporation of porous crystal carbon. Moreover, the metallic particles were dispersed in size range of 2–8 nm influenced by coating carbon and ethanediamine (dispersant). The activities of catalysts were evaluated in hydrogenolysis of cellulose to lower polyols at 240 °C under 5.0 MPa H2 pressure in the presence of water. Results showed that catalyst Ni–W/SiO2@C-12 was more favorable for EG production, with the highest EG yield of 60.7% and 100% cellulose conversion after reaction for 60 min.
The series of high efficient nickel–tungsten catalysts Ni–W/SiO2@C were fabricated and coated by thin carbon. The thin coating carbon demonstrated the recommendable confinement effect to obtain the well dispersed metallic particles on SiO2.
KeywordsCellulose Hydrogenolysis Metallic catalysts Thin carbon Lower polyols
This work was supported by Scientific Research Project of Zhejiang Provincial Collaborative Innovation Center of Agricultural Biological Resources Biochemical Manufacturing (Grant No. 2016KF0035, China); Science and Technology Project of Zhejiang Province (Grant No. 2017C37049, China).
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