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Nickel–Tungsten Supported on Thin Carbon Coated SiO2 Nanosphere for Cellulose Conversion to Lower Polyols

  • Zhuqian Xiao
  • Qiang Zhang
  • Tianting Chen
  • Chenggang Cai
  • Qing Ge
  • Yong Nie
  • Jianbing Ji
  • Jianwei Mao
Article
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Abstract

Production of polyols and other chemicals from cellulose was important for sustainable society, and it had long relied on the design of suitable catalysts to achieve high yield of lower polyols. Herein, we reported a new preparing strategy for nickel–tungsten catalyst to fabricate Ni–W/SiO2@C catalysts coated by thin carbon. The crystal carbon demonstrated the recommendable confinement effect to obtain the well dispersed metallic particles on SiO2. The prepared composites were characterized by means of XRD, N2 physisorption, thermogravimetry, XPS, TEM, element mapping and atomic force microscope. These characterizations confirmed that more phases including WO3, Ni, NiW alloys and NiC were formed by incorporation of porous crystal carbon. Moreover, the metallic particles were dispersed in size range of 2–8 nm influenced by coating carbon and ethanediamine (dispersant). The activities of catalysts were evaluated in hydrogenolysis of cellulose to lower polyols at 240 °C under 5.0 MPa H2 pressure in the presence of water. Results showed that catalyst Ni–W/SiO2@C-12 was more favorable for EG production, with the highest EG yield of 60.7% and 100% cellulose conversion after reaction for 60 min.

Graphical Abstract

The series of high efficient nickel–tungsten catalysts Ni–W/SiO2@C were fabricated and coated by thin carbon. The thin coating carbon demonstrated the recommendable confinement effect to obtain the well dispersed metallic particles on SiO2.

Keywords

Cellulose Hydrogenolysis Metallic catalysts Thin carbon Lower polyols 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by Scientific Research Project of Zhejiang Provincial Collaborative Innovation Center of Agricultural Biological Resources Biochemical Manufacturing (Grant No. 2016KF0035, China); Science and Technology Project of Zhejiang Province (Grant No. 2017C37049, China).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhuqian Xiao
    • 1
    • 2
  • Qiang Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Tianting Chen
    • 1
    • 2
  • Chenggang Cai
    • 1
    • 2
  • Qing Ge
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yong Nie
    • 3
  • Jianbing Ji
    • 3
  • Jianwei Mao
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Zhejiang Provincial Collaborative Innovation Center of Agricultural Biological Resources Biochemical ManufacturingZhejiang University of Science and TechnologyHangzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Chemical and Biological Processing Technology of Farm ProductsZhejiang University of Science and TechnologyHangzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.College of Chemical EngineeringZhejiang University of TechnologyHangzhouPeople’s Republic of China

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