Catalysis Letters

, Volume 148, Issue 10, pp 3165–3177 | Cite as

Palladium Niacin Complex Immobilized on Starch-Coated Maghemite Nanoparticles as an Efficient Homo- and Cross-coupling Catalyst for the Synthesis of Symmetrical and Unsymmetrical Biaryls

  • Elham Rezapour
  • Maasoumeh JafarpourEmail author
  • Abdolreza RezaeifardEmail author


In this work, catalytic efficiency of palladium niacin complex immobilized on starch-coated maghemite nanoparticles successfully exploited for homo- and cross-coupling reactions such as Suzuki–Miyaura, Sonogashira-, and Ullmann coupling reactions. The solid catalyst characterized by different methods such as FT-IR, TGA, XPS, EDS and ICP-AES. TEM images revealed a nanosize structure for catalyst and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) demonstrated its magnetic property. The reactions proceeded well in the absence of commonly used additives with high selectivity. Potential reusability of magnetically separable palladium catalyst and performing the reactions at environmentally conditions are notable features of the present methods making great potential for practical applications.

Graphical Abstract


Cross coupling reactions Homo coupling reactions Niacin complex Palladium complex Suzuki–Miyaura coupling reaction Ullmann coupling reaction Sonogashira coupling reaction 



Support for this work by Research Council of University of Birjand and “Iran Science Elites Federation” is highly appreciated.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

10562_2018_2513_MOESM1_ESM.docx (713 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 712 KB)


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Catalysis Research Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of ScienceUniversity of BirjandBirjandIran

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