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Tissue and blood establishments: the demise of mad hatters in a decade

  • Michael A. Cox
Short Communication

Abstract

The EU Directives for human tissues and cells (Directive 2004/23/EC) and for blood and blood components (Directive 2002/98/EC, with their related Directives), promotes the principle to minimise or remove potential sources of contamination (e.g. foreign particles, microorganisms, processing agents). Under this framework, mercury thermometers are of interest; as these devices present potential hazards through their use in preparation processes (for the verification of temperature criteria) or temperature monitoring systems (for the preservation of materials and reagents). This article outlines the potential hazards of mercury thermometers, the current available alternatives and the initiatives for the decline of mercury usage.

Keywords

Thermometers Mercury Contamination Growth inhibition Environment risk Medical device Internal audits Health and safety 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The author declares that there is no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by the author.

References

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  2. Com 2005, 20 final, Community strategy concerning mercury (2005). http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:52005DC0020. Accessed March 2018
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  8. ISO9001 & ISO19011, British Standards Institute, London, United Kingdom. https://www.bsigroup.com/en-GB/standards/. Accessed March 2018
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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Danish Patient Safety AuthorityCopenhagenDenmark

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