Pathological and therapeutic aspects of matrix metalloproteinases: implications in childhood leukemia

  • Yi-Hsuan Hsiao
  • Shih-Chi Su
  • Chiao-Wen Lin
  • Yu-Hua Chao
  • Wei-En Yang
  • Shun-Fa YangEmail author


Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play a major role in extracellular matrix remodeling and are involved in tumor cell invasion. Cancers such as childhood leukemia are characterized by their capacity to infiltrate different organs. MMP production by leukemic cells may indicate a leukemic subtype or subpopulation with a more invasive phenotype. Therefore, clarifying the action mechanisms of MMPs as prognostic predictors or MMP targeting as a therapeutic strategy is necessary. MMP-targeting drugs have been developed for the treatment of hematological malignancies. In this review, we highlight current advances in understanding the molecular mechanisms and pathological characteristics of various MMPs, as well as recent therapeutic advances targeting MMPs in childhood leukemia. Several studies have been conducted on the therapeutic efficacy of MMP inhibitors in cancer, such as collagen peptidomimetics, nonpeptidomimetic inhibitors of MMP active sites, bisphosphonates, and tetracycline derivatives. Here, we conclude that more clinical trials are necessary to estimate the role of selective MMP inhibitors in the treatment and prevention of childhood leukemia.


Matrix metalloproteinases Cancer progression Metastasis Childhood leukemia 


Compliance with ethical standards

Competing interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


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Authors and Affiliations

  • Yi-Hsuan Hsiao
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Shih-Chi Su
    • 4
    • 5
  • Chiao-Wen Lin
    • 6
  • Yu-Hua Chao
    • 2
    • 7
  • Wei-En Yang
    • 1
    • 8
  • Shun-Fa Yang
    • 1
    • 8
    Email author
  1. 1.Institute of MedicineChung Shan Medical UniversityTaichungTaiwan
  2. 2.School of MedicineChung Shan Medical UniversityTaichungTaiwan
  3. 3.Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyChanghua Christian HospitalChanghuaTaiwan
  4. 4.Whole-Genome Research Core Laboratory of Human DiseasesChang Gung Memorial HospitalKeelungTaiwan
  5. 5.Department of Dermatology, Drug Hypersensitivity Clinical and Research CenterChang Gung Memorial HospitalLinkouTaiwan
  6. 6.Institute of Oral SciencesChung Shan Medical UniversityTaichungTaiwan
  7. 7.Department of PediatricsChung Shan Medical University HospitalTaichungTaiwan
  8. 8.Department of Medical ResearchChung Shan Medical University HospitalTaichungTaiwan

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