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Cancer and Metastasis Reviews

, 27:691 | Cite as

The role of the matricellular protein SPARC in the dynamic interaction between the tumor and the host

  • Osvaldo L. Podhajcer
  • Lorena Gabriela Benedetti
  • Maria Romina Girotti
  • Federico Prada
  • Edgardo Salvatierra
  • Andrea S. Llera
NON-THEMATIC REVIEW

Abstract

Tumor growth is essentially the result of an evolving cross-talk between malignant and surrounding stromal cells (fibroblasts, endothelial cells and inflammatory cells). This heterogeneous mass of extracellular matrix and intermingled cells interact through cell–cell and cell–matrix contacts. Malignant cells also secrete soluble proteins that reach neighbor stromal cells, forcing them to provide the soil on which they will grow and metastasize. Different studies including expression array analysis identified the matricellular protein SPARC as a marker of poor prognosis in different cancer types. Further evidence demonstrated that high SPARC levels are often associated with the most aggressive and highly metastatic tumors. Here we describe the most recent evidence that links SPARC with human cancer progression, the controversy regarding its role in certain human cancers and the physiological processes in which SPARC is involved: epithelial–mesenchymal transition, immune surveillance and angiogenesis. Its relevance as a potential target in cancer therapy is also discussed.

Keywords

SPARC Extracellular matrix Cancer EMT Angiogenesis 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We want to acknowledge the national and international agencies that supported the work, such as the National Agency for Promotion of Science and Technology, the Ministry of Health, the National Council of Scientific and Technological Research (Argentina), and the Wellcome Trust and the Agency for International Cancer Research, (United Kingdom). We also wish to acknowledge the continuous support of the Fundación Rene Baron and Amigos de la Fundación Leloir para la Investigación contra el Cáncer (AFULIC), Argentina.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Osvaldo L. Podhajcer
    • 1
    • 2
  • Lorena Gabriela Benedetti
    • 1
  • Maria Romina Girotti
    • 1
  • Federico Prada
    • 1
  • Edgardo Salvatierra
    • 1
  • Andrea S. Llera
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Molecular and Cellular TherapyFundacion Instituto Leloir, University of Buenos Aires, National Council for Scientific and Technological Research (CONICET)Buenos AiresArgentina
  2. 2.Fundacion Instituto LeloirBuenos AiresArgentina

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