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Flow convergence visualized in mitral regurgitation with spontaneous echo contrast

  • Aaron A. H. Smith
  • Michael Megaly
  • Melissa Madsen
  • Amy Waska
  • Bradley A. Bart
  • Charles A. Herzog
Images in CV Applications
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Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

Supplementary material 1 (AVI 963 KB)

References

  1. 1.
    Mizuno A, Takao N, Niwa K (2013) Black defects in severe spontaneous echo contrast teach us the protective aspect of mitral regurgitation visually. J Cardiovasc Ultrasound 21(1):40–41CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kilit C, Amasyali B, Astarcioglu MA (2017) Spontaneous echo contrast in a 73-year-old man with mitral stenosis and a giant left atrium. Tex Heart Inst J 44(6):424–425CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aaron A. H. Smith
    • 1
  • Michael Megaly
    • 1
  • Melissa Madsen
    • 1
  • Amy Waska
    • 1
  • Bradley A. Bart
    • 1
  • Charles A. Herzog
    • 1
  1. 1.Cardiology Division, Department of MedicineHennepin HealthcareMinneapolisUSA

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