Value of early rest myocardial perfusion imaging with SPECT in patients with chest pain and non-diagnostic ECG in emergency department
Evaluation of atypical presentation of angina chest pain in emergency department is difficult. Hospitalization of this patient may impose additional costs and waste the time, early discharge may lead to miss the patients. The aim of this study was to determine volubility of Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT) in management of patients admitted to emergency department with atypical manifestations of angina pain, un-diagnostic Electrocardiogram (ECG) and negative enzyme. Half of 100 patients admitted to emergency department with atypical chest pain and un-diagnostic ECG who were candidate for admission, underwent ECG gated resting SPECT. According to the results of SPECT, low risk patient discharged after negative stress SPECT. All discharged patients were followed up for major cardiac events (cardiac death, nonfatal myocardial infarction and repeat admission for congestive heart failure) for 12 months. According to rest SPECT Myocardial Perfusion Imaging (MPI), about 70% of patients in case group was low risk and 30% of them had moderate or high risk. Case group represented lower hospitalization rate and lower need for Coronary Artery Angiography (CAG) in comparison with control group. Mean cost in case group was significantly lower than control group (175.15$ vs. 391.33$, P < 0.001). In one year follow- up no cases of mortality or major cardiovascular events as cardiac infraction were found in discharged patients in case group. our study showed that rest SPECT fulfillment in admitted patients in emergency department was validated method for assessing patients’ risk which avoids unnecessary hospitalizations and additional costs.
KeywordsChest pains SPECT scan Treatment cost
The authors thank all of the patients who eagerly participated in the current study. The authors also wish to thank the Research Vice Chancellor of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences.
This research did not receive any specific grants from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sector.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare no conflict of interest.
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