Journal of Business Ethics

, Volume 155, Issue 4, pp 981–994 | Cite as

Moderation as a Moral Competence: Integrating Perspectives for a Better Understanding of Temperance in the Workplace

  • Pablo Sanz
  • Joan FontrodonaEmail author
Original Paper


The purpose of this paper is to analyze the virtue of temperance as a moral competence in professional performance. The analysis relies on three different streams of literature: virtue ethics, positive psychology and competency-based management. The paper analyzes how temperance is defined in each of these perspectives. The paper proposes an integrative definition of temperance as “moral competence” and summarizes behaviors in business environments in which temperance plays a role.


Temperance Moderation Virtue ethics Positive psychology Competency-based management Moral competences 



The authors would like to acknowledge the support of IESE’s Center for Business and Society.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Research involving Human Participants and/or Animals

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.IESE Business SchoolUniversity of NavarreBarcelonaSpain

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