Journal of Business Ethics

, Volume 154, Issue 2, pp 483–495 | Cite as

The Moderating Roles of Follower Conscientiousness and Agreeableness on the Relationship Between Peer Transparency and Follower Transparency

  • Cass Shum
  • Anthony GatlingEmail author
  • Laura Book
  • Billy Bai
Original Paper


Transparency is an underpinning of workplace ethics. However, most of the existing research has focused on the relationship between leader transparency and its consequences. Drawing on social and self-regulation theory research, we examine the antecedents of followers’ transparency. Specifically, we propose that followers have higher levels of transparency when they are working with peers who have a high level of transparency. We further suggest that followers’ conscientiousness and agreeableness moderate the relationship between peer transparency and followers’ transparency. Using a time-lagged design, we provide support for the proposed theoretical model. We found that follower conscientiousness substitutes the social regulation effect (embodied in the relationship between peer and follower transparency), while follower agreeableness enhances this social regulation effect. Theoretical and practical implications of these findings are also discussed.


Transparency Peer pressure Conscientiousness Agreeableness Ethical behaviors 



We thank the William F. Harrah College of Hotel Administration for their support related to this publication.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cass Shum
    • 1
  • Anthony Gatling
    • 1
    Email author
  • Laura Book
    • 1
  • Billy Bai
    • 1
  1. 1.William F. Harrah College of Hotel AdministrationUniversity of Nevada Las VegasLas VegasUSA

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