Long-term outcomes of breast-conserving therapy for women with ductal carcinoma in situ

  • Laura E. G. WarrenEmail author
  • Yu-Hui Chen
  • Lia M. Halasz
  • Jane E. Brock
  • Alexander Capuco
  • Rinaa S. Punglia
  • Julia S. Wong
  • Mehra Golshan
  • Jennifer R. Bellon
Clinical trial



Improved imaging, surgical techniques, and pathologic evaluation likely have decreased local recurrence rates for patients with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). We present long-term outcomes of a large single-institution series after breast-conserving surgery (BCS) and adjuvant radiation therapy (RT).


We retrospectively reviewed the records of 245 women treated for DCIS with BCS and RT between 2001 and 2007. Competing risk analysis was used to calculate local recurrence (LR) as a first event with the development of a second non-breast malignancy, contralateral breast cancer, and death as competing first events.


At a median follow-up of 10.6 years, 4 patients had a LR (2 DCIS, 2 invasive) as a first event with a cumulative LR incidence of 0.0% and 1.5% at 5 and 10 years, respectively. Most patients had > 2 mm margins (90%), specimen radiographs (93%), and received a tumor bed boost (99%). The majority (60%) of patients with hormone receptor-positive disease received adjuvant endocrine therapy. Ten-year cumulative incidence of contralateral breast cancer (CBC) was 7.9%, second non-breast malignancy was 4.5%, and death unrelated to breast cancer was 3.5%. Family history, age at diagnosis, and receipt of endocrine therapy were not significantly associated with the development of CBC (all P > 0.05).


With mature follow-up, our rates of local recurrence following breast-conserving therapy for DCIS remain very low (1.5% at 10 years). The incidence of CBC was higher than the LR incidence. Predisposing factors for the development of CBC are worthy of investigation.


Breast cancer Ductal carcinoma in situ Outcomes Breast-conserving therapy Radiation therapy 



There was no specific funding supporting this research.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

The DF/HCC institutional review board approved this study and waived the requirement for informed consent.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Laura E. G. Warren
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yu-Hui Chen
    • 2
  • Lia M. Halasz
    • 3
  • Jane E. Brock
    • 4
  • Alexander Capuco
    • 1
  • Rinaa S. Punglia
    • 1
  • Julia S. Wong
    • 1
  • Mehra Golshan
    • 5
  • Jennifer R. Bellon
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Radiation OncologyBrigham and Women’s Hospital and Dana-Farber Cancer InstituteBostonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Biostatistics and Computational BiologyDana-Farber Cancer InstituteBostonUSA
  3. 3.Department of Radiation OncologyUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA
  4. 4.Department of PathologyBrigham and Women’s HospitalBostonUSA
  5. 5.Department of SurgeryBrigham and Women’s Hospital and Dana-Farber Cancer InstituteBostonUSA

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