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Breast Cancer Research and Treatment

, Volume 165, Issue 3, pp 771–777 | Cite as

From clinical trials to clinical practice: outcome of NSABP-B27 neoadjuvant chemotherapy regimen for high-risk early-stage breast cancer

  • Hikmat Abdel-RazeqEmail author
  • Lina Marei
  • Salwa S. Saadeh
  • Hazem Abdulelah
  • Mahmoud Abu-Nasser
  • Mourad Salam
  • Walid Daana
  • Basel Al-Haj Ali
  • Ayat Taqash
Brief Report
  • 365 Downloads

Abstract

Purpose

Majority of Jordanian breast cancer patients present at a relatively young age and with locally advanced disease highlight the importance of neoadjuvant chemotherapy. This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of NSABP-B27 regimen in high-risk patients in daily clinical practice.

Methods

Patients’ medical records and hospital database were searched for all consecutive patients treated at our institution for breast cancer using neoadjuvant NSABP-B27 chemotherapy regimen. Chemotherapy was given at standard doses and schedule as originally reported in the NSABP-B27.

Results

346 female patients (median age 51 years) were treated using this regimen. Majority had high-risk features including larger tumor size (>4 cm in 68.5%), positive axillary lymph nodes (78.3%), and Grade III disease (47.4%). While most patients tolerated and completed planned chemotherapy, 41 (11.8%) patients failed to complete all four cycles of docetaxel. Following neoadjuvant chemotherapy, complete pathological response (pCR) was achieved in 84 (25.0%) evaluable patients; pCR was higher in hormone receptor-negative disease (40.0 vs. 22.1%, p = 0.002), in patient with tumor size ≤4 cm (28.3 vs. 23.5%, p = 0.024) and in patients with node-negative disease (41.2 vs. 20.7%, p = 0.002). Age (<50 vs. ≥50) had no effect, with pCR of 24.2 and 26.4%, respectively (p = 0.607). Breast-conserving surgery was performed in 85 (24.6%).

Conclusions

NSABP-B27 is an effective neoadjuvant regimen. Despite including higher risk patients, pCR is similar to the original NSABP-B27 and many other anthracycline–taxane-based regimens. Tumor size, LN status, hormone receptors status, but not age, were significant factors in achieving pCR.

Keywords

Breast cancer Neoadjuvant Docetaxel Anthracycline 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

For this type of study formal consent is not required.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Internal Medicine, Section of Hematology and Medical OncologyKing Hussein Cancer CenterAmmanJordan
  2. 2.Center of Research Shared ResourcesKing Hussein Cancer CenterAmmanJordan

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