Sensitive detection of lung cancer biomarkers using an aptameric graphene-based nanosensor with enhanced stability
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We present an electrolyte-gated graphene field effect transistor (GFET) nanosensor using aptamer for rapid, highly sensitive and specific detection of a lung cancer biomarker interleukin-6 (IL-6) with enhanced stability. The negatively charged aptamer folds into a compact secondary conformation upon binding with IL-6, thus altering the carrier concentration of graphene and yielding a detectable change in the drain-source current Ids. Aptamer has smaller size than other receptors (e.g. antibodies), making it possible to bring the charged IL-6 more closely to the graphene surface upon affinity binding, thereby enhancing the sensitivity of the detection. Thanks to the higher stability of aptamer over antibodies, which degrade easily with increasing storage time, consistent sensing performance was obtained by our nanosensor over extended-time (>24 h) storage at 25 °C. Additionally, due to the GFET-enabled rapid transduction of the affinity recognition to IL-6, detection of IL-6 can be achieved in several minutes (<10 min). Experimental results indicate that this nanosensor can rapidly and specifically respond to the change in IL-6 levels with high consistency after extended-time storage and a detection limit (DL) down to 139 fM. Therefore, our nanosensor holds great potential for lung cancer diagnosis at its early stage.
KeywordsGraphene Lung cancer biomarker Aptamer Biosensing Interleukin-6 (IL-6)
This work was supported by fundings from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 51505108 and 51475118). The author Zhuang Hao would like to gratefully thank Dr. Xuejun Wang from East China University of Science and Technology for technical supports and insightful discussions.
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