Biomedical Microdevices

, 20:65 | Cite as

3D printing for preoperative planning and surgical training: a review

  • Anurup Ganguli
  • Gelson J. Pagan-Diaz
  • Lauren Grant
  • Caroline Cvetkovic
  • Mathew Bramlet
  • John Vozenilek
  • Thenkurussi Kesavadas
  • Rashid BashirEmail author
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Biomedical Micro-Nanotechnologies toward Translation


Surgeons typically rely on their past training and experiences as well as visual aids from medical imaging techniques such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) for the planning of surgical processes. Often, due to the anatomical complexity of the surgery site, two dimensional or virtual images are not sufficient to successfully convey the structural details. For such scenarios, a 3D printed model of the patient’s anatomy enables personalized preoperative planning. This paper reviews critical aspects of 3D printing for preoperative planning and surgical training, starting with an overview of the process-flow and 3D printing techniques, followed by their applications spanning across multiple organ systems in the human body. State of the art in these technologies are described along with a discussion of current limitations and future opportunities.


Rapid prototyping Organ models Surgical training Preoperative planning 3D printing 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anurup Ganguli
    • 1
    • 2
  • Gelson J. Pagan-Diaz
    • 1
    • 2
  • Lauren Grant
    • 1
    • 2
  • Caroline Cvetkovic
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Mathew Bramlet
    • 4
    • 5
  • John Vozenilek
    • 1
    • 4
    • 5
    • 6
  • Thenkurussi Kesavadas
    • 5
    • 6
  • Rashid Bashir
    • 1
    • 2
    • 7
    • 8
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of BioengineeringUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-ChampaignUrbanaUSA
  2. 2.Micro and Nanotechnology LaboratoryUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-ChampaignUrbanaUSA
  3. 3.Center for NeuroregenerationHouston Methodist Research InstituteHoustonUSA
  4. 4.OSF Saint Francis Medical CenterUniversity of Illinois College of Medicine at PeoriaUrbanaUSA
  5. 5.Jump Trading Simulation & Education CenterPeoriaUSA
  6. 6.Healthcare Engineering Systems Center, College of EngineeringUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-ChampaignUrbanaUSA
  7. 7.Department of Industrial and Enterprise Systems EngineeringUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-ChampaignUrbanaUSA
  8. 8.Carle Illinois College of MedicineUrbanaUSA

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