Strengthening the genetic diversity conservation narrative in Indonesia: challenges and prospects

  • Safendrri Komara RagamustariEmail author
  • Endang Sukara
Review Paper
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Biodiversity appreciation and engagement


In possessing a significant proportion of the world’s biological diversity, Indonesia represents a fulcrum for global biological diversity conservation. However, despite being a member of global coalitions on biological diversity conservation efforts, due to the lack of a clear narrative, especially in regards to genetic diversity conservation, Indonesia is continuously losing its biological diversity. In this paper, we highlight the importance of genetic diversity and possible strategies for its conservation from an Indonesian perspective. We address the relationship between Indonesian national regulations/strategies for genetic diversity conservation with the most dominant international agreement on the topic, the Convention on Biological Diversity. A review of Indonesian national regulations and strategies highlight the importance of elaborating on the definition of “genetic diversity and resources” in the Indonesian conservation narrative to create improved strategies for genetic diversity conservation. Furthermore, the addition and optimization of genetic resource conservation facilities can also improve genetic diversity conservation in Indonesia. We also explore strategies connected to stimulating economic growth using Indonesian genetic diversity through metabolic engineering, synthetic biology, and systems biology.


Indonesia Biodiversity Genetic resources Convention on biological diversity 



This research was supported in part by the Science and Technology Research Partnership for Sustainable Development (SATREPS) from the Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST)/Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Institute for Sustainable HumanosphereKyoto UniversityUjiJapan
  2. 2.Research Unit for Development of Global SustainabilityKyoto UniversityUjiJapan
  3. 3.School of Government and Public Policy IndonesiaSentul, BogorIndonesia
  4. 4.National UniversityPasar Minggu, South JakartaIndonesia

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