Engineering Corynebacterium glutamicum Mutants for 3-Methyl-1-butanol Production
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3-Methyl-1-butanol (3MB) is a promising biofuel that can be produced from 2-ketoisocaproate via the common l-leucine biosynthesis pathway. Corynebacterium glutamicum was chosen as a host bacterium because of its strong resistance to isobutanol. In the current study, several strategies were designed to overproduce 3MB in C. glutamicum through a non-fermentation pathway. The engineered C. glutamicum mutant was obtained by silencing the pyruvate dehydrogenase gene complex (aceE) and deleting the lactic dehydrogenase gene (ldh), followed by mutagenesis with diethyl sulfate (DES) and selection with Fmoc-3-4-thiazolyl-l-alanine (FTA). The mutant could produce 659 mg/L of 3MB after 12 h of incubation. To facilitate carbon flux to 3MB biosynthesis, the engineered recombinant was also constructed without branched-chain acid aminotransferase (ilvE) activity by deleting the ilvE gene. This recombinant could produce 697 mg/L of 3MB after 12 h of incubation.
Keywords3-Methyl-1-butanol l-Leucine Corynebacterium glutanicum Mutation breeding Non-fermentation pathway
This research was financially supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (21506215 and 21811530626), Municipal Science and Technology Program of Guangzhou (China) (201804010081).
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