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BioControl

, Volume 64, Issue 6, pp 665–676 | Cite as

Diversity and abundance of natural enemies of Drosophila suzukii in Wisconsin, USA fruit farms

  • Matthew T. Kamiyama
  • Zachary Schreiner
  • Christelle GuédotEmail author
Original Article
  • 221 Downloads

Abstract

The invasive vinegar fly, Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura) (Diptera: Drosophilidae), is a major economic pest of soft-skinned fruit in the USA. In order to identify suitable biological control agents in Wisconsin, we assessed the presence and impact of potential natural enemies of D. suzukii in tart cherry and raspberry farms with documented D. suzukii populations. Yellow sticky cards and sentinel traps baited with D. suzukii or D. melanogaster larvae and pupae were deployed in these agricultural areas in the foliage and near the soil surface. Four families of parasitoids with known species that successfully parasitize D. suzukii (Pteromalidae, Braconidae, Figitidae, and Diapriidae) were found on sticky traps at all sampling sites. However, no parasitoids emerged from D. suzukii or D. melanogaster sentinel larvae or pupae throughout the duration of the field assessment. Predation was documented on sentinel D. suzukii pupae (1–4%) and sentinel D. melanogaster pupae (5–8%). The majority of sentinel pupae never emerged upon their return from the field and showed no evidence of field predation. Between 70 and 92% of recovered D. suzukii pupae were dead, and 46–72% of D. melanogaster pupae were dead. The absence of parasitoids found emerging from the sentinel drosophilid larvae and pupae and overall low levels of predation suggests that native biological control may provide limited potential as a management option against D. suzukii in Wisconsin at this time.

Keywords

Spotted-wing Drosophila Sentinel trap Predation Non-reproductive effects Pseudoparasitism 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We give special thanks to all participating growers for access to their farms. We thank Janet van Zoeren, Benjamin Jaffe, Samuel DeGrey, and Michaela Taddeini for their help with data processing and field work. This project was funded by the Wisconsin Department of Agriculture, Trade, and Consumer Protection Specialty Crop Block Grant # 16-01.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors do not report conflicts of interest.

Supplementary material

10526_2019_9966_MOESM1_ESM.docx (23 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 23 kb)

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Copyright information

© International Organization for Biological Control (IOBC) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Matthew T. Kamiyama
    • 1
  • Zachary Schreiner
    • 2
  • Christelle Guédot
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of EntomologyUniversity of Wisconsin-MadisonMadisonUSA
  2. 2.Peninsular Agricultural Research Station, University of Wisconsin-MadisonSturgeon BayUSA

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