, Volume 64, Issue 5, pp 529–538 | Cite as

Searching behavior of the parasitoid Tamarixia triozae mediated by the host plant and experience

  • Salvador Hernández-Moreno
  • Esteban Rodríguez-Leyva
  • J. Refugio Lomeli-Flores
  • Graciela Bueno-Aguilar
  • Juan Cibrian-Tovar
  • Alejandro Pérez-PanduroEmail author


In the tritrophic system Solanaceae–Bactericera cockerelli Sulc (Hemiptera: Triozidae)—Tamarixia triozae Burks (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae), we studied naïve and experienced T. triozae female attraction induced by the host plant (natal and alternate) and herbivory infestation. Naïve females are not attracted to healthy nor to infested plants (no choice). Early experience produces attraction to combined odors of plant and host, and the host plant induces preference when experience occurs on the natal host plants, but not when it occurs on alternate host plants. The results indicate that plants mediate female parasitoid response and that T. triozae needs to learn to find its hosts in order to optimize its host-searching behavior. This need to learn and the preference triggered by learning on the natal host plant suggest that it would be convenient to give T. triozae experience to improve its initial efficiency when it is used on an alternate cultivated host plant.


Biological control Learning Chemical ecology Tritrophic interactions Tamarixia triozae Hymenoptera Eulophidae 



The authors thank the Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología (CONACYT, Mexico) for the grant 328931 that funded the doctoral studies of the first author.


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Copyright information

© International Organization for Biological Control (IOBC) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Colegio de Postgraduados, Posgrado en Fitosanidad, Entomología y AcarologíaTexcocoMéxico
  2. 2.Colegio de Postgraduados, Posgrado en EstadísticaTexcocoMéxico

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