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Parasitoids are choosy: increase in the capacity to discriminate parasitised tephritid pupae by Coptera haywardi

  • Jorge CancinoEmail author
  • Benedicto Pérez
  • Anne C. Johnson
  • Olivia L. Reynolds
Article
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Abstract

This study shows the effectiveness of deliberately selecting for Coptera haywardi individuals to increase a population’s capacity to discriminate against parasitised hosts. In the ‘selected colony’ (F1–F4), females were selected based on their ability to discriminate parasitised fruit fly pupae, determined by their host searching, foraging and oviposition behaviour. Female parasitoids of successive generations of the selected colony (F1–F4) showed an increasing discriminatory ability, including reduced host searching and foraging time. The last selected generation, i.e. F4 showed an increase in fecundity compared to the standard colony. In F4 individuals from the selected colony, antennae length increased but the hind tibia size did not, compared to individuals from the control colony. Flight ability and survival remained unchanged across all generations. This selection process could be an effective method of recuperating the discriminatory capacity of a C. haywardi colony under mass rearing conditions.

Keywords

Tephritidae Biological control Anastrepha mass rearing Searching behavior Discrimination Pupal parasitoids 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We wish to thank the Biological Control Department staff of the Moscafrut Program, Javier Valle for statistical advice and Cesar Perez for his assistance in the statistical analysis.

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Copyright information

© International Organization for Biological Control (IOBC) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jorge Cancino
    • 1
    Email author
  • Benedicto Pérez
    • 2
  • Anne C. Johnson
    • 3
    • 4
  • Olivia L. Reynolds
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Programa Moscafrut SAGARPA-IICAMetapa de DomínguezMexico
  2. 2.Instituto de Biociencias, Blvd. Principe Akishino S. NTapachulaMexico
  3. 3.School of Agriculture and Wine SciencesCharles Sturt UniversityOrangeAustralia
  4. 4.Graham Centre for Agricultural Innovation (Charles Sturt University and NSW Department of Primary Industries)Wagga WaggaAustralia
  5. 5.New South Wales Department of Primary Industries, Biosecurity and Food SafetyElizabeth Macarthur Agricultural InstituteNarellanAustralia

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