Experimental seismic performance of a half-scale stone masonry building aggregate

  • Ilaria E. SenaldiEmail author
  • Gabriele Guerrini
  • Paolo Comini
  • Francesco Graziotti
  • Andrea Penna
  • Katrin Beyer
  • Guido Magenes
S.I. : 10th IMC conference


This paper focuses on the unidirectional dynamic shake-table test performed on a prototype of a natural stone masonry building aggregate. The half-scale prototype was designed to reproduce the features of existing unreinforced stone masonry building aggregates, typical of the historical centres in many European cities, including the city of Basel, Switzerland. The three-storey-high aggregate prototype consisted of two weakly connected structural units, with double-leaf undressed stone masonry walls incorporating a limited percentage of river pebbles. The specimen included flexible timber floor diaphragms and side-gabled timber roofs with different heights above the two units. Scaling the material mechanical properties of the specimen was necessary to satisfy similitude relationships without altering accelerations and material densities. An incremental, unidirectional dynamic test was performed up to near-collapse conditions of the prototype, using input ground motions selected to be compatible with realistic seismic scenarios for the region of Basel. This paper summarizes the main characteristics of the specimen and illustrates the evolution of its dynamic response and damage mechanisms.


Unreinforced masonry (URM) building Half-scale shake-table test Seismic performance Natural stone masonry Flexible diaphragm Building aggregate 



The work presented is part of the research project “Seismic assessment of natural stone masonry buildings in Basel—A research and training project”, jointly carried by the École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne and the University of Pavia, which was supported by the Swiss Federal Office for the Environment and the Construction Department of the Canton Basel-Stadt. The authors would like to thank Mapei S.p.a. for its support to the project. The help provided during the tests by M. Caruso, F. Dacarro, S. Girello, L. Grottoli, M. Mandirola, B. Marchesi and U. Tomassetti is gratefully acknowledged. Any opinions, finding and conclusions expressed in this paper are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the sponsors.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil Engineering and Architecture (DICAr)University of PaviaPaviaItaly
  2. 2.European Centre for Training and Research in Earthquake Engineering (EUCENTRE)PaviaItaly
  3. 3.Ècole Politechnique de LausanneLausanneSwitzerland

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