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Influence of slab spatial composite effect on dynamic behaviour of composite frame structures under earthquake excitation

  • Xiao-Qiang Wang
  • Li-Yan Xu
  • Mu-Xuan TaoEmail author
Original Research

Abstract

The slab spatial composite effect plays a significant role in the seismic behaviour of composite frame structures. In this work, the influence of the slab spatial composite effect on the dynamic behaviour of composite frame structures was numerically studied. The self-developed fibre beam–column element program COMPONA-MARC was used to establish models considering and neglecting the slab spatial composite effect for nonlinear static analysis and elastic–plastic time history analysis under various seismic inputs. The maximum roof displacement, inter-storey drift ratio, normalised displacement indices, deformation mechanism, and failure mode were considered to investigate the structural performance. Comparisons indicated that, despite the contributions of the slab spatial composite effect to the structural lateral strength and stiffness, considering this effect may produce more unsafe results. On one hand, it reduces the fundamental natural vibration period and amplifies the effect of seismic excitation; on the other hand, it changes the structural deformation mechanism and failure mode. The influence of slab spatial composite effect on strong column–weak beam mechanism in different storey drift direction angles is also investigated in the paper.

Keywords

Slab spatial composite effect Dynamic behaviour Nonlinear static analysis Time history analysis Fibre beam–column element model Composite frame structure 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The writers gratefully acknowledge the financial support provided by the National Key Research Program of China (grand number 2017YFC0703804).

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Civil Engineering Safe and Durability of China Education Ministry, Department of Civil EngineeringTsinghua UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.Beijing Engineering Research Center of Steel and Concrete Composite Structures, Department of Civil EngineeringTsinghua UniversityBeijingChina

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